Seasons in India is varied according to geographical and climatic conditions.
Mostly summer, winter, autumn and rainy seasons in India, read this article completely for further categorization.
A cycle of seasons in india:
The seasons in different parts of India varies with altitude, latitude and distance from the sea.
According to the Meteorological Department, the different types of seasons in India with the months are as follows:
- A cycle of seasons in india:
- What are the 6 Seasons in India?
- Different types of seasons in India with months:
- Spring Season in India (Vasanta Ritu)
- Summer Season in India (Grishma Ritu):
- Rainy Season in India (Varsha Ritu):
- Autumn season in India (Sharad Ritu):
- Pre- Winter Season in India (Hemant Ritu):
- Winter Season in India (Shishir Ritu):
- Climate of India:
The Cold Weather Season:
Starts in mid-December and ends from mid-February to early March based on latitude.
It is mostly dry in most of part in the country and one of the Seasons in India
The coastal areas have high temperatures at 30–33 ° C and cold at 19 –22 ° C.
The south core of Karnataka is elevated at 27–30 ° C and cools at 11–16 ° C.
Mountainous places are cold with temperatures below 10 ° C.
From the north and north sides of the Deccan Plateau, weather in most areas is cold with highs at 19–25 ° C and is rolled at 5–10 ° C with a western disturbance that makes it further colder.
Western disturbance is the moisture-laden winds coming from comparatively low pressure in the Mediterranean route in northern India that eventually rain down and further to lower temperatures.
It causes cold waves from late December to mid-January and the temperature drops to 2-3 degrees Celsius.
Irregularity in temperature was also observed in some places of Punjab and low-lying areas of Kashmir.
The Himalayan region experiences a drop in temperature throughout the winter and moderates to heavy snowfall.
The Hot Weather Season:
It starts in March and ends in mid -July.
In most of Peninsular India, the summer begins in late March or early March with northern regions seeing a warm day in early March.
Most countries assume temperatures ranging from 35 ° C -45 ° C for several days and roll down from 23-31 ° C.
The coastal areas are warm with comparatively low temperatures, but they are very humid, except the south-east coast and interior Tamil Nadu gets very hot with temperatures above 40 ° C.
Parts of South India, East Coast receive moderate rainfall during this season, while Northeast states receive heavy rainfall and also Seasons in India
In late May and early June, temperatures are rising as a result of “heat waves” in most parts of north and central India, before it is monsoon time.
The summer heat creates a low-pressure trough which is the lodestone for monsoon winds.
The onset of Monsoon (South West Monsoon):
Within the end of May, the first monsoon rains hit the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, followed by Kerala in early June.
And slowly the southwest monsoon rains over the West Coast and moves inward.
Most of India receives the majority of annual rainfall in this season from June to September and it includes in Seasons in India.
The temperature falls but most of the country is less hot but more humid.
This weather makes agriculture very severe for most areas of the country.
A good rain determines a good crop.
The westernmost part of India is bordered by the West Coast and the Western Ghats, with rainfall between 200 and 800 cm and in northeast India between 250 and 1200 cm.
Mawsynram – Cherrapunji region is the hottest place on Earth with about 1200-1400 cm of rainfall.
The area east of the Western Ghats receives moderate rainfall as they fall on the sloping edge of the Western Ghats, resulting in a “rain-shadow zone”.
The retreat of Monsoon (Northeast Monsoon):
Once the air pressure has risen significantly and the temperature cools down, it is time for the monsoon to come in the reverse direction.
This time they flow from the Himalayas through the Bay of Bengal and receive heavy rainfall in most parts of South India.
Most parts of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive most of their annual rainfall during this season & included in Seasons in India.
This season is between Octobers to November.
Sometimes retreating monsoons can cause cyclonic depression.
These can bring very heavy rains, causing floods and heavy winds to cause devastating conditions with loss of life and property.
What are the 6 Seasons in India?
According to Hindu scriptures, the six seasons are:
- Spring Season- Vasant Ritu
- Summer Season- Grishma Ritu
- Monsoon Season- Varsha Ritu
- Autumn Season- Sharad Ritu
- Pre-winter Season- Hemant Ritu
- Winter Season- Shishir or Shita Ritu
Different types of seasons in India with months:
According to the Hindu calendar, there are 6 seasons in the year.
Since the Vedic period, Peoples from India and peoples across South Asia have been using this calendar for structuring their lives.
Some faithful persons still believe in this calendar, for all-important Hindu festivals and religious occasions.
Each season consists of two months and six seasons.
While the climate of northern India is mostly consistent and the changes are less noticeable in southern India, which is closer to the equator.
Spring Season in India (Vasanta Ritu)
The spring season is called the Vasanta Ritu in India, and it is considered as the king of all seasons.
In most parts of India for its mild, pleasant weather.
The spring season usually began in February and ends in April.
The two months of Hindu calendar such as Chaitra and Baisakh arises in this season.
It is the time for some important festivals such as Vasant Panchami, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi, Holi, Ram Navami, and Hanuman Jayanti.
The supremacy equinox is called Vasant Vishu or Vasant Sampat in Vedic astrology.
Summer Season in India (Grishma Ritu):
Summer or Grishma Ritu is the season when we experienced a steady warm climate in most of the parts in India.
Grishma Ritu usually begins in April and ends in June & included in Seasons in India
Jyeshta and Aashaadha, are the two of the Hindu months, fall in this season.
In this month, the festival Rath Yatra and Guru Purnima are celebrated.
In Vedic astrology, the summer ends in the solstice known as Dakshinayana.
This solstice symbols the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere and beginning of summer season in the Northern Hemisphere.
Read More about Summer Season in India
Rainy Season in India (Varsha Ritu):
The rainy season is the season when heavy rains occur in many parts of India.
The rainy season usually starts in June and ends in August & belongs to Seasons in India.
This season consists of two months of Shravana and Bhadrapada.
Important festivals in this season, include Raksha Bandhan, Krishna Janmashtami and Onam.
The solstice symbols the beginning of the rainy season and the beginning of summer in India and rest of the Northern Hemisphere and it is called Dakshinayana.
However, southern India is closer to the equatorial region, so the “summer season” persists for most of the year. Read More about Rainy Season in India
Autumn season in India (Sharad Ritu):
Autumn is called as Sharad Ritu. When the warm weather gradually retreats in most parts of India.
It starts in the month of August and ends in October and belongs to Seasons in India.
Ashwin and Karthik, a two-month Hindu calendar, fall in this season.
It is a time of celebration in India, among them Navaratri, Vijayadashami and Sharad Purnima.
The autumn equinox, which indicates the spring in the Southern Hemisphere, is in the middle part of the season.
In this season, day and night have the same time.
The Sharad equinox in Vedic period is called Sharad Vishuva or Sharad Sampat.
Read More about Autumn Season in India
Pre- Winter Season in India (Hemant Ritu):
The time before the winter is called Hemant Ritu. It is the most pleasant time of the year in terms of weather throughout India.
This season usually starts in October and ends in December & includes Seasons in India.
The two Hindu months Agrahayana and Pausha or Agahan and Poos fall in this season.
It is the time for some important festivals in India, such as Diwali, Bhai Dooj and New Year celebrations.
Hemant Ritu ends on the solstice, which symbols the beginning of winter and the rest of the Northern Hemisphere in India.
This season comprises of shortest day in the year.
This solstice in Vedic astrology is known as Uttarayana.
Winter Season in India (Shishir Ritu):
The calmest season is winter, which is called as Shita Ritu or Shishir Ritu.
This season initiates in December and ends in February.
The two months of Magha and Phalgun comes under this season.
It is the time of some harvest festivals, called as Lohri, Pongal, Makar Sankranti and Shivaratri.
The Shishir season begins in Vedic astrology on a solstice called Uttarayana.
The solstice signals in the northern hemisphere, the beginning of winter and in the southern hemisphere, the beginning of summer.
Read More about Winter Season in India
Climate of India:
The climate of India contains wide-ranging weather conditions on geographical boundaries and diverse topography, making the simplification more difficult.
Based on the Koppen system, India hosts 6 major climatic sub-types, which are situated in the arid deserts in the west, mountainous tundra and glaciers in the north, and tributaries and island territories of humid tropical regions in the south-west.
All over the northern frontier, we have the Himalayas, which are permanently covered by snow and prevent the cold plains from freezing the northern plains in winter and allow for the continuous warm weather to be enjoyed in most parts of India.
In the northwest, we have the Thar Desert with boiling northern plains in summer, creating a low-pressure trough and attracting monsoon winds, thousands of miles from the Indian Ocean, collecting moisture and eventually as early as 4 months Monsoon rains, dissipate heat.
When the monsoon retreats, it collects moisture from the Bay of Bengal and blesses parts of South India, which are otherwise deprived during its onset.
Winter is mild in most parts of the country, and the cold temperatures are almost non-existent except in parts of Punjab, Rajasthan and Himalayan regions. It is a climate phenomenon of India.
Four Seasons in India:
Winter season (December, January and February),
Summer season (March, April and May),
Monsoon season (June to September) and
Post-monsoon period (October to November).
The topography and geology of India are of extreme importance.
The Thar Desert and the Himalayas work together to influence socially and economically important.
As it is tallest and massive mountain range on the Earth, the Himalayas doesn’t receive the influx of frigid of Icy Tibetan plateaus and cool katabatic winds from Central Asia.
Most of the northern regions in India are kept warm or mildly cold or cold.
This thermal dam keeps the most areas of India, warm in summer.
Though the Tropic of Cancer:
The boundary between the tropical and subtropics passes through the middle of India, much of the country can be observed as climatically tropical.
Most of India’s tropics, monsoons and other weather patterns are equal: Epochs, Droughts, Floods, Hurricanes and other natural disasters are unpredictable, but millions of human lives have been ended.
The scientific approach which suggests that such climate trends, frequency and severity are likely to change in South Asia.
Future vegetation changes, current sea-level rise and floods in the low-coastal areas of India are other effects, due to global warming.
Conclusion of seasons in India:
The seasons in India are extensive and generally depend on people’s beliefs. Season types can be 4 or 6 according to the peoples.