Cloudburst: why cloud burst occurs in the hilly areas?

Cloudburst

Cloudburst does not mean cloud burst into two pieces.

According to meteorologists, when a certain area receives a sudden heavy rainfall for a very short time, it is called cloudburst.

In this event of cloud burst, drops of water-filled clouds suddenly come towards the ground.

Cloud burst is also known as a flash flood, it occurs when clouds with very high humidity stop at one place and droplets of water begin to mix together.

The density of the cloud increases greatly with the weight of the drops and then suddenly heavy rain starts.

Cloudburst can cause rain at speeds of up to 100 millimeters per hour.

Why did cloud burst in hilly areas?

According to scientists, clouds filled with water get trapped in the mountainous regions.

Due to the height of the mountains, the clouds are unable to move and then suddenly it starts raining at the same place.

More than 2 cm of rain falls in a few seconds & altitude of 15 kilometres on the mountains.

A cloudburst on the mountains causes strong rains that take the form of floods.

The rainwater does not stop on the mountain, so the water comes down along with the mud and stones.

Cloudburst

Causes of cloudburst:

Everywhere a cloudburst occurs when clouds with very high humidity stop at one place.

The water droplets present there are mixed together; the density of the cloud increases with the weight of the droplets.

Then suddenly heavy rain starts at 100 mm per hour.

Pros
  • Flexible and cost-effective solution to manage the sudden rush of load seamlessly.
Cons
  • Cloudburst is a sudden, very heavy rainfall, usually local in nature and of brief duration

How it is different from normal rainfall?

The rainwater falling from the cloud is thick, while the cloudburst rain occurs suddenly.

The report states that the amount of cloud burst differs from the amount of rainfall recorded.

Rainfall exceeding 100 mm per hour is cloudburst; therefore cloud burst is a natural phenomenon but very unexpectedly, very sudden, and relatively wet.

In the Indian subcontinent, usually occurs when the monsoon clouds flow from the northward, moving from the Bay of Bengal or from the Arabian Sea towards the Himalayas, sometimes bringing 75 millimetres of rain per hour.

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Cloudburst effect:

  • Cloudbursts are also responsible for flash flood creations.
  • Cloudburst effects in the area such as floods, landslide, mudflow and land yielding.
  • Floods result in overfull of water in houses, resulting in several deaths.
  • Blocking the passage of rivers because of temporary loss and accumulation of the reservoir, resulting in collapse.
  • These are the result of heavy rains, especially in hilly areas, which cause death and destruction.

Also, read 1. Rainy Season Essay

Frequently Asked Questions:

What do you mean by cloud burst?

Cloudburst, a sudden, very heavy rainfall, usually local in nature and of brief duration.

How does a cloudburst happen?

Cloudburst occurs because warm air flows from the ground or under the clouds to rise and carry the falling rain.

Is cloudburst a natural disaster?

Yes, cloudburst is a natural disaster caused by debris flows or high-intensity rainfall that occurs after landslides, often resulting in blocked river drains.

Are cloudbursts dangerous?

Due to the heavy amount of rain involved, cloudburst can be quite dangerous, especially if it lasts for several hours.

Conclusion:

Cloudburst is sudden very heavy rainfall, is usually restricted in nature for brief periods, it is also called cloud thunderstorms occur with thunder.

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