In this water crisis essay, we had describe about water crisis in details.
Water is the basic requirement for the survival and promotion of humans, animals, birds and vegetation.
Environmental pollution is a major cause of ‘water crisis’ as a result the underground layer increases rapidly.
In 1951, the per capita water availability was about 5177 cubic meters, this has now come down to around 1545 in 2011 (Source: Water Resources Division, TERI).
What is water crisis?
The lack of available water resources to meet the demands of water use within a region is called ‘water crisis’.
Around 2.8 billion people living in all continents of the world are affected by water crisis at least one month each year, over 1.2 billion people do not have access to clean water for drinking.
Global scenario of water crisis:
Due to increasing demand for water resources, climate change and population explosion, there is a decrease in water availability.
It is estimated that in the Middle East region of Asia, most of North Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan and Spain, countries are expected to have water stress situation by 2040.
Along with this, many other countries including India, China, Southern Africa, USA and Australia may also face high water stress.
Status of water crisis in India – water crisis essay:
In India, 330 million people or nearly a quarter of the country’s population are affected by severe drought due to two consecutive years of weak monsoon.
About 50% of the regions of India are experiencing drought like conditions, particularly in the western and southern states, with severe water crisis.
According to the Composite Water Management Index report released in 2018 by the NITI Aayog , 21 major cities of the country (Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad) and about 100 million people living in these cities are facing the severe problem of water crisis.
12% of India’s population is already living under ‘Day Zero’ conditions.
Day Zero: In order to attract the attention of all people to limit and manage water consumption in the city of Cape Town, the idea of Day Zero was introduced so as to increase management and awareness of limiting water use.
Causes of water crisis in India:
The problems of water crisis in India are mainly indicated in the southern and northwestern parts, the geographical location of these areas that it receives less rainfall, the southwest monsoon does not receive rainfall on the Chennai coast.
Similarly, by reaching the monsoon in the northwest, it becomes weak due to which the amount of rainfall also decreases.
Monsoon uncertainty in India is also a major cause of water crisis. In recent years, due to the impact of El-Nino, rainfall has decreased, due to which a situation of water crisis has arisen.
The agricultural ecology of India is favorable for crops that require more water for production, such as rice, wheat, sugarcane, jute and cotton etc.
The problem of water crisis is particularly prevalent in agricultural areas having these crops, the state of water crisis has arisen due to the strengthening of agriculture in Haryana and Punjab.
Serious efforts are not made to reuse water resources in Indian cities that is why the problem of water crisis in urban areas has reached a worrying situation.
Instead of reusing most of the water in cities, they are directly discharged into a river.
There is a lack of awareness among people about water conservation, the misuse of water is constantly increasing; Lawn, washing of cart, leaving the bottle open at the time of water use, etc.
Efforts to conserve water:
Under the Sustainable Development Goal, water availability and sustainable management is to be ensured for all people by the year 2030, the following efforts for water conservation are being made to meet this goal as follows:
At present, the use of low water crops is being encouraged to reduce the excessive use of water due to the intensification of agriculture.
In the Second Green Revolution, emphasis is being placed on low water intensity crops.
Efforts are being made to conserve water through dams, the government is also taking help from the World Bank for dam repair and reconstruction.
Guidelines have been issued by the government for construction of water tanks under the water supply program during the construction of buildings in the cities.
The NITI Aayog has released the overall water management index to inspire the effective use of water in states and union territories.
Peecautions to avoid water crisis:
High-water crops such as wheat, rice, etc. should be transferred from coarse grains because about one-third of the water can be saved using these crops.
Also, the nutritional level of coarse cereals is also high, the use of low-water crops should be increased in areas with less rainfall.
In recent years, such efforts have been made by the Government of Tamil Nadu, water consumption efficiency should be increased, as it is still less than 30% in the best cases.
Public awareness is essential for water conservation because problem of water crisis has risen, however in some areas of America with less water availability than in countries like India.
Conclusion for water crisis essay:
Water is an important natural resource as it maintains all living beings on the earth.
We use it for drinking and cooking, bathing and cleaning, surprisingly less than one percent of the total water supply is potable, but water pollution and misuse of water crisis leads to the ‘water crisis’.