Essay on Indian Farmer

India is a called as the land of a farmer because most of the Indian are directly or indirectly involved in agricultural activities.

It would not be wrong to say that farmers are the backbone of our economy.

Essay on Indian Farmer 300 words:

I think the farmer plays the same role for our country as the backbone for the human body.

The problem is our farmers is suffering from many problems.

Sometimes, many of them cannot even eat two times food a day, despite all the difficulties that they face, they play an important role accordingly.

Importance of Indian Farmer:

They are the country’s food producers:

Before the 1970s, India was not able to produce enough food to meet its needs.

In other words, India was not self-sufficient in terms of food grains.

We imported large quantities of food grains from overseas (mainly from the United States).

This went well for some time but later USA started blackmailing us on business also threatened to completely stop the supply of food grains.

Then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri accepted the challenge and gave the slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” and took some drastic measures, which resulted in Green Revolution.

Due to this we became self-reliant in the matter of food and even started as well.

India has never looked back since then our farmers have never disappointed us, even though they are facing many problems.

They are able to meet the demand of the growing population.

One of the biggest contributors to the Indian economy:  Farmers contribute about 17% to the Indian economy.

Even after that, they lived a life of poverty.

If we are able to overcome various obstacles, there is a good chance that this percentage will improve.

All farmers are self-servants, they are not dependent on any other source for employment.


We have come a long way since independence but there is still much to be done.

I am sure, if we work honestly, we will be able to overcome the problems we are facing today and God will become as beautiful and prosperous to prepare our villages as Bollywood films.

Essay on Indian Farmer 500 words:

India has a diverse culture about 22 major languages ​​and 720 dialects are spoken.

People of all major religions like Hindu, Islam, Christian, and Sikh live here.

People here are engaged in all kinds of occupations but agriculture is the main occupation hence India is also known as an “agricultural country”.

Role of an Indian farmer:

A large percentage of our population is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture.

It would not be wrong to say that farmers are the backbone of our nation and they are the force behind the Indian economy.

Some of the important roles of farmers are discussed below.

Food Security is National Security: 

As we all know food is the basic necessity of life.

This is the reason that in olden times, food grains were stored in large quantities in forts, so that in times of war, when external supplies would be shut down by the enemy, there would still be food to eat.

The same argument is still valid today.

As we are “self-sufficient” in the matter of food grains, no country can blackmail or threaten us, this was possible only due to the hard work of our farmers.

Drivers of Indian Economy:

Farmers contribute about 17% to Indian economy, agricultural exports were around US $ 33 billion in 2016-17.

The Condition of Indian Farmers is not right:

Indian farmer are expected to prosper due to the value of exports, but the reality is just the opposite.

They are committing suicide, trying to leave the profession, migrating to cities, and are unable to even manage 2 square meals a day.

There are many things to be blamed but one thing is sure that if the problem does not end soon, we can become a “food importing country” from the “food exporting country” that we are now.

The issue of farmer problems has been highlighted due to mass agitation and farmer suicides, but “Are we doing enough”?


In the last, I would just like to say that, the time has come that we have to do something immediately otherwise things will definitely get worst.

essay on indian farmer

Essay on Indian Farmer Problem 600 words:

This is a very sensitive subject that should be handled very carefully but are we handling it properly?

Since the problem is complex, the solution is also not straightforward, but if we really want to save our country from going into turmoil then we have to solve this problem.

We were not careful for warning signs that have been coming for quite some time.

Now, when the problem has taken demonic proportions, we are looking for a quick solution.

As the problem has taken time to grow, it will also take time to deal with it.

Severity of the problem:

The seriousness of the problem can be gauged from the fact that about 3 lakh farmers (government estimates, other sources say it is 10 times more) have committed suicide since 1995.

The main reason for these suicides is the inability to repay the loans taken by the farmers.

The suspected distinction of topping this list goes to Maharashtra.

According to another estimate (government data), about 50 percent of the farmers are in debt.

Most are poor and many are forced to live below the poverty line.

About 95% of the farmers are forced to sell produce below the official MSP (Minimum Support Price) and their average annual income is below twenty one thousand rupees.

This is the reason why many farmers are giving up farming and trying to go into other occupations and that is why no one wants to become a farmer.

Causes of Agricultural Breakdown:

Climate change due to global warming (flood and drought):

Due to global warming and some other reasons, the Earth’s climate is changing.

This is the reason that the frequency and severity of floods and droughts have increased, causing widespread crop damage.

Lack of Irrigation Facilities- Essay on Indian Farmer:

Most farmers are dependent on rain as they do not have proper means of irrigation, such as diesel pump sets, canal or dam water etc.

This means that if it is a less monsoon then their crop will be bad.

Tillage of small land: 

Most farmers in India have very small plots of land on which they cultivate, this makes farming unprofitable.

Expensive seeds and fertilizers: 

Many farmers do not have the money to buy good quality seeds and fertilizers.

Therefore, they use inferior quality seeds a hence there is a reduction in production per acre.

Loan is not readily available:

Farming like any other business, requires investment, which poor farmers do not have.

The status and paperwork of public sector banks is very high, therefore they have to go to private money investors, who charge high interest rates and if for some reason the crop fails, it becomes very difficult for them to repay the loan.

Lack of awareness of new scientific methods:

Most farmers have little education or are illiterate, therefore they are not aware of new farming and scientific methods of farming.

That is why the government has started toll-free helpline numbers, on which farmers can ask their problems.

Corruption at various levels- essay on indian farmer:

Corruption at various levels affects the implementation of various schemes and schemes hence the benefits do not reach the farmers.

Measures to improve the condition of farmers:

Proper Insurance: 

Since crop can be spoiled due to many reasons, proper insurance facilities will be quite beneficial for the farmers. It would be better to pay partial or full premium by the government as many farmers are poor and cannot afford the premium.

Loss compensation:

From time to time, the government provides compensation to farmers in case of crop failure.

I think this is a temporary solution and not a permanent solution.

Easy loan availability: 

This is one of the important factors.

If the farmers are provided easy loan, then their situation will definitely improve as they will be able to buy good quality seeds from the market.

Reduction in corruption: 

If we are able to control corruption then the benefits of various schemes will reach the farmers and their condition will improve.



Conclusion for Indian Farmer Essay:

There is no easy solution to this problem, but if we start working with good understanding, then there is a chance that one day our Indian farmers will become as rich as American farmers now.

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