Agriculture in India Essay

In this Agriculture in India Essay, we had described agriculture in India today, future & importance of agriculture in India & much more.

Agriculture primarily means growing crops and animal husbandry.

Although farming nowadays is considered limited to the production of crops, but it is a much larger area includes animal husbandry, milk production, etc.

In this article Essay on Agriculture in India, we had provided the various essays in different word limits, which you can use as per your need:

Agriculture in India Essay 200 words:

Before the discovery of agriculture, a man wandered in various places in search of food.

When they started farming, they stop wandered for food, it became possible to build society and civilization in one place.

Cultivation has started in West Asia, where our ancestors began growing wheat and barley as well as raising animals like sheep, goat, cow, and buffalo.

Humans started farming in 7500 B.C., and 3000 B.C. was the time when agriculture expanded rapidly to Egypt and then to Indus civilization.

In this civilization, the centre of agricultural expansion from Mohenjodaro to the Harappa region.

The importance of agriculture increased during the Vedic period.

At the same time, agriculture practised with modern tools, and after this, trees were prominent in Buddha’s time, which provided a boost to agriculture.

After this, the technique of irrigation was discovered, which enabled more people to practice agriculture.

Habitant no longer necessary to live on the banks of the river for agriculture; crops like rice and sugarcane etc. were sown.

After this period, commercial crops like cotton and indigo were grown in the British era, which led to a significant change in agriculture.

In India, instead of food crops, the emphasis was on growing commercial plants, which led to a food crisis in India at the time of independence.

However, soon there was a Green Revolution in India, due to which it became self-sufficient in terms of food grains as well they started exporting to other countries.

Agriculture in India Essay

Agriculture in India Essay 400 words:

Seventy per cent of the total population of India still depends on agriculture, and with the deteriorating conditions, farmers are going below the poverty line.

Presently India’s public population is 135 crores; with the increase in the community, agriculture will also have to progress to meet its food demand.

For this, humans will have to use techniques that do not pollute the environment so that the land remains fertile and gives higher yields, otherwise India may face a food crisis shortly.

Importance of Agriculture in Indian Economy:

Agriculture has been vital in India since ancient times. Here raw material is obtained from agriculture for all primary industries like cotton, sugarcane, etc.

Apart from this, many other industries indirectly depend on agriculture, such as rice mills, oil mills, etc. which require raw materials.

However, despite increasing industrialization, employment in the agriculture sector is not decreasing, there are new opportunities.

As more advanced technologies come, there are possibilities of more opportunities.

Role of Agriculture in the field of International Trade:

India mainly exports spices, oilseeds, tobacco, and tea, etc. in the world.

About 50 per cent of the total products shipped by India are agricultural related.

Although the country’s economy contributed by the products exported from India, sometimes due to some reasons like excessive taxes, etc., have to be reduced.

Although not all countries have the same taxes in developed countries, there are more.

These countries do not want to increase competition in this area and promote the industries of their country, which makes the exported products expensive. Also, read Agriculture in India Essay 400 words.

Role of Agriculture in Economic Planning:

Various industries are allied to the agricultural sector, i.e., the Department of Transport is an essential part of the Department of Agriculture because transportation plays a role in moving agrarian produce from one place to another or from one country to another.

In this way, agriculture also supports other industries; therefore, it proves that agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy.

If India wants to improve its economy, the agriculture sector must be updated only, and then the Indian economy will prosper.

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Essay on Agriculture in India 500 words:

The agriculture sector employs the most people in India; it is not limited to farming, but also includes animal husbandry.

Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy and also in other industries.

Extension of the agricultural sector:

India is a country whose 70 per cent population is dependent on agriculture.

The development of the agricultural sector is the most important for the development of India, and the government is making a lot of effort & it is rapidly expanding and developing.

Earlier, India was not able to produce to satisfy its population but also imported from other countries.

Agriculture was based mainly on the monsoon, but since the Green Revolution, it produces enough food for its people, but now it has also been able to export food grains.

After independence, the government decided to make several significant changes in this area.

Dams built for irrigation, and various schemes introduce for the farmers; however, the agricultural sector still needs to grow.

In the Green Revolution, wide yielding varieties, as well as new irrigation techniques, were introduced.

With time, now farmers do not worry about rain, and even if there is no rain, the crops get adequate water and yield better. Also, read Agriculture in India Essay Conclusion.

Negative impact on the agricultural environment:

Agriculture has helped the humans in the development of civilization in ancient times, nowadays in this new era when the hazardous chemical is used for higher yields; it is causing many adverse effects on the environment which are as follows:

The use of fertilizer causes soil contamination, which makes it less fertile, and at the same time, these chemicals go into the human body and cause side effects.

With an increasing population, more deforestation is done for more food, which is negatively impacting the environment.

Excessive use of river water is threatening the lives of animals living in the river as the water is getting depleted.

In this way, agriculture has also affected the environment, and we have to find ways to eliminate these effects soon.

Global Agriculture:

Today, although countries are growing at a rapid speed, there is still widespread poverty in many developing countries, which remains a food crisis.

Although new technologies are coming up every day in the agricultural sector, due to pollution, the land is getting degraded, and it is becoming less fertile.

Land pollution is increasing very fast, and millions of farmers and people living in rural areas are getting affected every year.

Foodgrains are being grown in 73 per cent of the total cultivable land in the world, but it is only able to meet 74 per cent of the people’s needs, so we need to find advanced and non-polluting technologies.

Also read: 1. Make in India Essay 2. Deforestation Essay 3. Environment Essay


Although agriculture is vital for the economy in our country, we also have to take care of our environment.

Therefore, to reduce or eliminate all the adverse effects caused by agriculture, new advanced technologies have to be discovered to save our environment.

At the same time, the demand for a growing population can be met.

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