Indian Farmer are the most hardworking farmers around the world.
They are always busy, working hard for their crops in day and night.
Farmers work in sunlight and also in the rain & has no fear of any weather.
They use to get up early in the morning before the sun rises and they sleep after the sun sets.
Indian Farmer and What does farmer mean?
A farmer is an individual, who is engaged with agriculture and raise the living beings for nourishment and raw materials.
The term is generally applied to those who cultivate farm crops, orchards, vineyards, poultry or other cattle.
How many farmers are there in India?
The total number of Indian Farmer in 2011 is estimated at 95.8 million (8%) to 263 million (22%) to 450 million (38%) out of a total population of 1.2 billion accordingly. Others estimate that the total number of farmers in India is around 600 million (50% of the total population).
Importance of an Indian farmer:
Farming is a remarkable part of economy in India, as it adds about 17% of the absolute GDP.
It gives an employment to over 60% of the population.
Farmers are an important part of the existence of our various societies because they provide food and fibre which gives us nutrition and cloth.
They make responsible use of natural resources, primitive and very advanced technologies.
Indian Farmer has the ability to survive with the events of various growing seasons, climate change, soil conditions and often harsh destruction of wildfires, droughts and floods.
Farming is an industry that relies on the natural environment and its careful and responsible use every day.
Without mindful care for natural resources and wildlife, all agricultural initiatives are destined to fail.
Cultivation practices often provide natural biologically active filter mechanisms for water as well as soil vegetation stabilization.
Indian Farmer and farming communities provide an excellent environment to raise families.
They offer opportunities for young and old alike to gain experiences in basic lifelong values, an appreciation for success, as well as the heartache of life’s most challenging occurrences.
Why India is called agricultural country?
India is primarily an agricultural country.
Farming is the process of using land to grow a wide variety of crops.
Agriculture in India has been going on since many centuries.
It is known as the foundation of the Indian economy.
Types of farming in India practised by Indian Farmer:
Mainly based on the nature of the land, climatic characteristics and available irrigation facilities, farmers in India practise different types of farming:
1. Shifting Agriculture:
In shifting agriculture, the land is obtained by cleaning the forest and agriculture is practised till the fertility of the land is exhausted.
After this, another field is cleaned and agriculture is practised on it.
Typically, plant, tuber crops such as yams, tapioca and root crops are grown.
It is practised mainly by tribals living in the forest.
2. Subsistence Agriculture:
In subsistence agriculture, the farmer and his family produce grain only for their own family or for the local market.
Grains like wheat, rice, millet are mainly raised. It is still practised in most parts of India.
Indian Farmer named thier farming system with various names:
‘Jhumming’ in the northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Pamlu district of Manipur, Bastar district of Chhattisgarh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
‘Bever’ or ‘Dahiya’ in Madhya Pradesh
‘Podu’ or ‘Penda’ in Andhra Pradesh,
‘Pammi Dabi’ or ‘Koman’ or ‘Sema’ in Orissa
‘Kumari’ in the Western Ghats
‘Valere’ or ‘Waltrey’ in southeast Rajasthan
‘Kuruva’ in Jharkhand and
‘Kheel’ in the Himalayan region
3. Intensive Farming:
The objective of intensive farming is to produce the maximum possible production on limited farms with all possible efforts under the circumstances.
Intensive farming is capable of growing more than one crop in a year.
Huge capital and human labour are imposed on each hectare of land.
It is practised in most of the densely populated parts.
4. Extensive Farming:
Extensive farming is the modern system of farming practised on large farms.
It is also known as mechanical farming due to the widespread use of machines.
Extensive farms raise only one crop a year.
Employment of labour and capital per hectare of land is comparatively less.
It is practised in sparsely populated areas such as the United States, Canada, Russia and Australia.
5. Plantation Agriculture:
In plantation agriculture, shrub or tree cultivation is done on vast areas.
It is capital-centred farming and requires good exclusive capacity, technical knowledge, fertilizers and improved machinery and irrigation and transportation facilities.
A special or single-sown crop such as rubber, tea, coconut, coffee and fruit crops, etc. is sown and the yield is generally obtained continuously for many years.
It is generally practised in Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra & Assam.
Plantation agriculture requires a long growing period.
6. Commercial Agriculture:
Commercial agriculture is practised on a large scale to raise crops so that they can be exported to other countries and make money.
Commercial agriculture is done mostly in populated areas.
Commercial agriculture aims to sell products for money.
Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana and Maharashtra mainly cultivate this type of farming by Indian Farmer.
Wheat, cotton, sugarcane, corn, etc. are some commercial crops.
7. Dry Land Farming:
Cultivation moisture is maintained by growing special types of crops in a dry land. Gram, jowar, bajra and peas are crops that require less water.
It is practised in arid regions of the country like Western, North-Western India and Central India by Indian Farmer.
It is prevalent in areas with low rainfall or where there are insufficient irrigation facilities.
8. WetLand Farming:
Wetland farming depends mainly on rainfall, so it is practised in high rainfall or well-irrigated areas.
Rice, jute and sugarcane are grown in this type of farming.
This type of farming is mainly practised on the slopes of the Western Ghats, north & north-eastern India.
Depending on the season, crops grown by Indian Farmer can be classified as follows:
Kharif: Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon till the beginning of winter.
Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, moong, urad etc. are the Kharif crops.
Rabi: Rabi crops are sown till the beginning of summer with the onset of winter.
Rabi crops are wheat, barley, gram, mustard, sesame and peas and oilseeds.
Zaid: Zaid crops are grown in the short summer season.
Watermelon and cucumbers are Zaid crops.
Who is the biggest farmer in India?
President and CEO of real estate major DLF Limited, Kushal Pal Singh is one of the largest private owners of land in India.
Are farmers rich in India?
The Indian Farmer is poor and this poverty is famous all over the world.
The farmers of India cannot provide food or food for two times a day, due to poverty.
They wear clothes which are in pieces and which not fit for their whole body.
Indian Farmer is unable to provide education to their children and they cannot fulfil their needs.
Farmer wife is the women who make a lot of sacrifices for their families.
Why are farmers in India Suiciding?
Various reasons have been accessible to explain why farmers commit suicide in India, including floods, drought, debt, use of hereditarily modified seeds, public health, Use of pesticides due to low investment, lowers the yields.
Conclusion for Indian Farmer:
There are many farmers in India, who are leading an ordinary life.
They do not have enough facilities to fulfill their needs.
They enjoy company with nature.
Day by day it is reported that the farmers of India are committing suicide.
This is the main and most important case that it should be stopped.
Why are Indian Farmer committing suicide?
The people of India should think about it.
They cannot afford a full day’s meals because of this they are not getting the proper price for their hard work.
It is true that all farmers are very true and hardworking.
We should respect their work because of everything we eat. They depend on God.
Government of India is launching several schemes for Indian farmer.