National Integration: Definition, Need and Challenges

National Integration: Definition, Need and Challenges

National Integration is a feeling of similarity or unity towards their own country, irrespective of their individual differences regarding religion, region, race, culture or caste.

National integration is not just about national sentiment. It comprises the spirit which brings people of all walks, dialects and beliefs together in a similar endeavour.

National Integration

Importance of national integration:

The importance of national integration is certainly can be understood as it helps to stabilize democracy, improve economic growth, develop the nation and provide all the important rights and duties to the people.

A country like India has a varied society and has a large population, so it is a more difficult task to achieve.

What are the aims of national integration?

The aim of national integration is to bring all these different racial, religious, cultural and language groups into a single nation with a national awareness.

Definition of national integration by different authors:

Dr S. Radhakrishna defines that national integration cannot be made by bricks and mortar, mould and hammer, but it quietly grows in people’s minds through education.

The great ideologist and author Myron Weiner, defines “National integration implies the avoidance of divisive movements that will balance the presence of attitudes in the nation and society that distinguish national and public interest from parochial interest”.

HA Gani defines, “National integration is a socio-psychological and educational process through which a feeling of unity and harmony develops in the hearts of the people and a sense of common citizenship or feeling of loyalty to the nation is fostered among them”.

To sum up, the concept of national integration includes political, economic, social, cultural and psychological dimensions and the interrelationships between them.

National Integration in India:

India is a sovereign, democratic, secular country.

Here, all the people have equal rights and duties without discrimination on the basis of religion, caste, colour, creed, region and language, etc.

India is a multi-racial and multi-religious country.

It is a secular country where the people of all religions worship without any let or hindrance according to their religious practices, though subject to law and order.

 Geographically and linguistically India has a vast variety it is our unity in diversity.

Indian people in different states and regions eat different kinds of food.

They wear different clothes, they speak different languages, they have different castes and they observe different religious practices, still, they all are Indian.

 it is a pity that communal rights take place in different parts of our country of an all mostly the innocent, gullible people are incited by political leaders are religious bigots to indulge in acts of violence and resort to arson, murder, loot, Mayhem, etc.

The result is untold loss of life and property, mostly of innocent people.

Such people should be strictly dealt with.

An awakening and love for the country should be brought about among the common people.

These are the innocent illiterate people, who are most gullible and most likely to be astray.

Therefore the literacy campaign should be intensified.

Inter-cast and inter-religious marriages should be encouraged.

People should be encouraged to celebrate together festivals sacred to all religions.

Ancient monuments where the temples are must use should we consider national monuments.

Students should be given patriotic lectures in colleges and school and college curriculum should include lives of great national leaders.

The practice of Pilgrimage, fairs, etc. were the members of all committees.

Participate should be encouraged.


Need for National Integration:

When national integration occurs, individuals have the possibility to work together to build systems that enhance the prosperity of a nation and its people.

Some things that may come in the way of national integration include religious or political divisions as well as communication barriers between citizens.

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Causes of National Integration:

1. Casteism – This is a major obstacle to national integration.

There is a great difference in the population of different religions and castes in India.

Followers of the appropriate caste or religion consider themselves superior to those who believe in other religions or castes.

These biases are so ugly and narrow that people are unable to think of national interest.

2. Communalism – This is a major obstacle to national unity.

In our country, people follow different religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, etc. Generally, all citizens live together in harmony.

Sometimes the accumulated interests create feelings of mutual enmity and hatred, leading to communal clashes.

We need to rein in the communal divide to keep national unity unharmed.

3. Provincialism:

It is also a major obstacle in India’s national unity.

There is a growing richness for the creation of new states based on language.

The narrow sense of regionalism in various states of the country is increasing mutual enmity between states.

4. Political parties:

In democracies, political parties need to be there for building public opinion and political awareness.

Unfortunately, there are many parties that chase votes on the basis of caste, religion, creed and region, disregarding the public and national interest.

5. Linguistic differences:

In a vast country like India, the national language should be spoken and understood in all regions.

But due to narrow regional views, Hindi or any other language has not yet been included as a means of communication by all the people of the country.

Politics on linguistic distinctiveness is not letting people rise above their partisan differences over language.

6. Economic disparity:

 There is great social and economic diversity in our country.

Some people in the country are rich, while most are poor.

Economic asymmetry is a major problem in national integration and integration.

What are the forces that challenge national integration?

Regionalism, communalism, religious fundamentalism, lingualism and terrorism are the major forces challenging national unity.

Promoting integrity ensures the prosperity of the nation

Mutual trust and respectability help in increasing the prosperity and wellbeing of the nation.

In practice, it ensures optimal utilization of available resources and opportunities in society.

For example:

Suppose there is a village in which people from two different communities live. They do not trust each other.

So they have two different schools, two different water tanks etc. Apparently none of which is in good condition.

The teachers available in the village are divided between the two schools.

Now suppose that a student of community A is interested in history, but due to lack of a good life teacher he does not get good guidance in his own school.

 Interestingly, the best history of the village is that of teacher community B and hence the teacher in another school.

In this way, some students may lose their true potential due to mistrust between the two communities.

The two communities trusted and respected each other, there would have been a single and more developed school, with all the best teachers available.

This will help every student in the village regardless of their community.

 Ultimately, the village would have benefited greatly from this.

National integrity does the same thing but on a much larger scale.

Advantages of National Integration:

  • Increases the feeling of brotherhood.
  • Reduces differences about religion, region, race, culture.
  • Reduces murders, massacres and riots etc.
  • Supports in developing the nation.
  • Increase unity among people.

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Disadvantages of National Integration:

  • Social tension
  • Corruption and illiteracy
  • Lack of urbanization in some states
  • Diversity with diverse issues
  • Reduces differences regarding religion, region, race, culture or caste.
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Conclusion of national integrity:

For a developing country like India, which has been a victim of slavery for some years.

It should be strengthened for national integration to avoid threats like communalism, casteism and regionalism.

These self-governments challenge national integration, leading to assassinations, massacres and riots, etc.

The addition of external elements and forces became restrictive to national integration.

Countries that are jealous of freedom and progress the country always struggle to divide the country and struggle mutually.

The revolution in Kashmir is supported and supported by such external forces.

Prolonged confusion in Kashmir has separated these areas from the national mainstream youth.

When the number of these disorganized elements exceeds, they struggle for complete isolation.

India is a country of vast geographical diversity, where many religions, castes, tribes and sects live.

These differences which are the superiority of our culture, when unilateral by unilateral interests, become a weakness for national unity and integration.

To maintain national integration, it is necessary to participate in the elements of national integration.

We need to recall the stories of countless nationalists who laid down their lives to maintain national independence and sovereignty.

Following the path and ideals of great nationalists promotes national integration.


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