Essay on India

In this India Essay, we had discussed about India, its important cities, languages & much more.

India is a famous country around the world, it is a highly populous country and is naturally protected from all directions.

It is a famous country for its great culture and traditional values ​​all over the world.

Essay on India 200 words:

India is the largest democratic and secular country in the world, India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947.

India’s population is the second largest in the world, behind only China, this country’s size is the seventh largest in the world.

India is the third largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) and 10th largest economy in terms of nominal GDP.

India is one of the major economies of South-East Asia, there are 29 states and 7 union territories in India.

The capital city of India is New Delhi whereas Mumbai is known because of the financial capital of India.

India has a rich cultural heritage of over 3000 years.

The national anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana” and the national song is “Vande Mataram”

Famous festivals in India are Holi, Diwali, Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Mahavir Jayanti, Eid, Muharram, Christmas and so on.

The most important religions practised in India are Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, and Jainism, etc.

India is a secular nation and no religion is considered superior to others, essentially the most spoken language in India is Hindi. There is no national language in India.

The biggest mountain ranges in India are the Himalayan mountain ranges whereas the biggest river is the Ganges.

It is bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, being southeast by southwest and southeast respectively.

India is a country where people of different religions, castes and cultures speak different languages. That is why India is famous for this saying “unity in diversity”.

essay on india

India Essay 400 words:

India is called the seventh largest country in the world and at the same time, India is the second largest country in the world by population.

Our country is also known by the names of India, Hindustan and Aryavart.

It is an island country which means our country is surrounded by oceans on three sides i.e. Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south.

India’s national animal tiger, national bird peacock, national flower lotus and national fruit mango are the national languages ​​of India.

The flag of India is made of three colors.

In which saffron means chastity (the top color of the flag), white means peace (the middle color of the flag which also has the Ashoka Chakra) and green means fertility (the lowest color of the flag).

Equal 24 sticks are placed in the middle of the Ashoka Chakra. India’s national anthem is “Jana Gana Mana “, the national song “Vande Mataram” and the national game is hockey.

India is called the land of spirituality, science, religiosity and tantra.

Since ancient times, different religions like Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Sikh, Islam, Christian have all been living together with great love.

India is a farming country, grains are mainly cultivated in sugarcane, cotton, jute, rice, wheat, grains etc. and fruits.

Travellers from all around the world call India a paradise as a result of India has attracted people from everywhere in the world.

India is famous for monuments, tombs, churches, historical heritage, temples, museums, natural beauty, sanctuaries, architecture-crafts etc.

The India is land of historical monuments like Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Golden Temple, Nilgiri, Qutub Minar, Kashmir, Khajuraho, Ajanta-Ellora Leni, Red Fort and some historical story is hidden in every monument.

India is famous for rivers, mountains, basins, lakes and seas.

There are 29 states in India and there are small villages in those states too.

These great men ( Shivaji Maharaj , Mahatma Gandhi , Jawaharlal Nehru , Dr. Ambedkar etc.), scientists ( Dr. Jagdishchandra Bose , Dr. Homi Bhabha, Dr. CV Raman , Dr. Narlikar etc.) and great social reformer ( Mother Teresa , Pandurang Shastri etc.) was born.

This is a country where people live in social unity, it is the best and beautiful my India country in the world and I am proud to be an Indian.

“Jai Hind”

Essay on India 500 words:

India is a large country with the world’s second largest population and the seventh largest area, the population of India is more than 1.2 billion.

There are 29 states, mainly on the basis of linguistic lines, there are also different types of languages ​​and culture, festivals, dress and way of life.

There is cultural unity in Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Buddhist and other communities in India.


There are Himalayan mountain ranges in the north of India.

It protects India as the protector of the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Ocean in the south, south-east and south-west respectively.

The highest point of India is located in the Kanchenjunga Mountains.

The longest river is the Ganges River.

The National Symbols:

There is a tri-colored national flag of India, the three colors are saffron, white and green.

The Ashoka Chakra in the center of the flag of India signifies righteousness

The national anthem and song are “Jana Gana Mana” and “Vande Mataram” respectively.

In the national emblem, four lions stand behind, indicating courage and strength behind.


The Harappa and Indus Valley civilization in India is believed to be 4000 years old.

The Rig Vedic period began around 1700 B.C. India was extremely cultured and well developed by 500 B.C. 320 A.D. and a golden period under the Gupta Empire was observed in India during 500 A.D.

The Delhi Sultanate ruled from 1206 to 1526 and Mughal period was from 1526 to 1857.

Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal emperor, after this British ruled India got its independence on 15 August 1947.


Many religions originated from India such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikh and Jainism. Islam, Christianity and other religions also found their place in India.


There is no national language in India.

There are many regional languages ​​and many other local dialects.

These languages ​​are mainly of Indo-Aryan and Dravidian families.

There are 22 official languages ​​in India.

The ceremony:

The major Hindu festivals are Diwali, Durga Puja, Dasarra, Rakshabandhan, Holi and the major Muslim festivals are Ramadan, Eid, and Muharram etc.

The major Sikh festivals are Holla Mohalla, Vaisakhi, Guru Nanak Gurupurab and Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, and Valentine’s Day etc.

Important cities:

New Delhi is the capital city of India and different metro cities are Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai and major cities include Bangalore, Mysore, Chandigarh, Raipur and so forth.


Indian culture has a wealthy historical past of more than 4 thousand years.

The national tradition of India is the proper mixture of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Sikhism and a wide range of regional cultures.



Conclusion for India Essay:

India is secular country where the people of religions live together with joy and happiness.

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