In this Mahatma Gandhi Essay, we had described the Great Mahatma Gandhi in details, every person of India knows him as “Bapu” and “Father of the Nation”.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over World on October 2 and this day is also celebrated as Non-Violence Day all over the world.
On this occasion, many programs are organized in schools, colleges, government offices etc. to express respect to the Father of the Nation.
We are providing various ‘Essay on Mahatma Gandhi‘ in different word limits, highlighting the life of the Mahatma Gandhiji, which you can use as per your need:
Short Essay Mahatma Gandhi 200 words:
Mahatma Gandhi is mostly known as “Father of the Nation” and “Bapu” for his incredible contribution. He was a great man who believed in non-violence and social unity.
Father of Nation:
Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the nation because he was the chief architect of the independence struggle.
He had raised the voice for the social development of rural areas in India and inspired the Indians to use native goods, also raised his voice against the British on social issues.
His aim was to destroy the tradition of untouchability and discrimination from Indian culture. Later he joined the Indian independence campaign and started fighting.
In Indian history, he was a great man who transformed the dream of freedom of Indians into reality. Even today, people remember him for his great and incredible work.
He faced a lot of problems in his life but he never gave up, he always kept moving forward. Also, read Mahatma Gandhi Essay 500 words.
He started a number of campaigns such as the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Urban Disobedience Movement in 1930, and finally, the Quit India Movement in 1942 and all these movements proved to be effective in liberating India.
Eventually, India got independence from the British Rule due to his struggles. Mahatma Gandhi’s life was very simple, he did not believe in ageism and caste discrimination.
He also made a lot of efforts to destroy the tradition of untouchables from Indian society and due to this he also gave the name of “Harijan” to the untouchables which mean “People of God”.
Mahatma Gandhi was a great social reformer, freedom fighter & the aim of his life was to liberate India.
And on serving the country, this Mahatma died on 30 January 1948 and was cremated in the presence of millions of supporters at Rajghat, Delhi & this day in his memory celebrated as Martyr’s Day in India
“I never want to think about what will happen in the future, I just worry about the present, God has not given me any control over the moments to come.”
Mahatma Gandhi Essay In English 500 words:
Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who was given the title of ‘Father of the Nation’ and ‘Mahatma’ due to his great works.
The significant contribution made by him in the freedom struggle can never be forgotten.
Today all of us is independent and breathing peace, because of his efforts, sacrifice, determination and dedication.
He was a priest of truth and non-violence, who forced the British to leave India with the path of peace. Every person in the country is influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s great ideas.
Mahatma Gandhi Information:
Mahatma Gandhi, considered the main architect of the freedom struggle, was born in an ordinary family on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His childhood name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
His father, Karam Chand Gandhi, was the ‘Diwan’ of Rajkot during the British rule, mother’s Putlibai, an obedient woman with religious views, which had a profound impact on Gandhiji.
At the same time, when he was 13 years old, he was married to Kasturba under the practice of child marriage. Gandhiji was a very disciplined and obedient child since childhood.
He completed his early education in Gujarat and then went to England to study law, from where he returned to India to start work in India, however, he did not last long in advocacy. Also, read Mahatma Gandhi Essay 1000 words.
It was during the course of his advocacy that Gandhiji had to suffer separatism in South Africa.
According to an incident with Gandhiji, once he sat in the first-class compartment of the train, he was pushed out of the train compartment.
Along with this, he was also barred from visiting many big hotels in South Africa, after which Gandhiji fought fiercely against separatism.
He entered politics with the aim of destroying discrimination against Indians and then gave a new dimension to the politics of the country with his judiciousness and proper political skills and also played an important role as a freedom fighter.
A Great Ideological and Idealist:
Mahatma Gandhi was a very ideological and idealistic leader. He was a simple, high minded person, due to his nature, people used to call him “Mahatma”.
His great ideas and idealism have also been followed by many greats like Albert Einstein, Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Nelson Mandela, and Martin Luther King.
These people were faithful supporters of Gandhiji. The great personality of Gandhiji had an influence not only in the country but also abroad.
Truth and non-violence were his two powerful weapons and with it, he forced the British to leave India.
He was a great freedom fighter and politician as well as a social worker who also made commendable efforts to remove casteism, untouchability, gender discrimination etc. in India. Also, read Mahatma Gandhi Essay Conclusion.
Gandhi, who was assured in the service of the nation throughout his life, was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948, shortly after the independence of the country.
He was a great figure and age man who never gave up on the truth even in the most difficult circumstances and kept steadfast for determined to pursue his goal.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay In English 1000 words:
Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, the sacrifice and dedication made by Mahatma Gandhi to the nation can never be forgotten.
He was a great man, who devoted his entire life to liberate the country from the shackles of slavery. Gandhi’s great and influential personality affects everyone.
Mahatma Gandhi’s role in the freedom struggle:
After all the struggles against separatism in South Africa, when he returned to his home country, he saw that the brutal British rule was doing inhuman atrocities on innocent Indians and the people of the country were suffering from poverty and hunger.
After which he pledged to throw the cruel British out of India and then rushed into the freedom struggle with his determined and steadfast goal of attaining independence.
Major Movements by Mahatma Gandhi:
During the freedom struggle, Mahatma Gandhiji started many big movements against the British, following the path of truth and non-violence.
His peacefully organized movements not only weakened the foundations of the British government in India but also forced him to leave India.
Some of the main movements run by him are as follows:
Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha:
In the year 1917, when the British were exploiting the farmers of Champaran under their oppressive policies, some farmers were not able to pay much tax.
Due to which terrible conditions like poverty and hunger had arisen, in view of which Gandhiji started the Champaran movement in a peaceful manner against the British, as a result of this movement he was able to get back about 25 per cent of the amount of money to the farmers.
In the year 1918, due to the severe floods in Kheda of Gujarat, the farmers were unable to pay a heavy tax to the British.
Seeing this, Gandhiji started a non-violent agitation against the British, demanding the farmers to waive their rent, after which the British rule had to accept their demands and the farmers there had to be exempted from tax.
This movement of Mahatma Gandhi is also known as Kheda Satyagraha movement. Also, read Mahatma Gandhi Essay FAQ.
Gandhiji was deeply saddened by the oppressive policies of the British and the innocent people killed in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
The flame of liberating the country from the atrocities of the British was intensified in his heart.
Due to this, he decided to launch a non-cooperation movement against the British. Under this movement, he appealed to the Indian public not to support British rule.
In this movement of Gandhiji, Indians supported on a large scale and started resigning from posts under the British government, such as teachers, administrative system and other government posts, as well as fiercely boycotted government schools, colleges and government institutions.
During this time people burned the foreign cloth and started adopting Khadi garments and native items. Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement weakened the foundation of British rule in India.
Civil Disobedience Movement / Dandi Yatra / Salt Satyagraha (1930):
Mahatma Gandhi launched this movement against the oppressive policies of the British government. He travelled to violate the salt law of the British government.
Gandhiji started from Sabarmati Ashram on 12 March 1930 with some of his followers.
After this, on April 6, Gandhi reached Dandi and violated the salt law of the British Government by making salt along the sea.
Under the Salt Satyagraha, the Indian people went against the orders of the British Government and started making and selling salt themselves.
This non-violent movement of Gandhiji weakened the British government and the path of liberating India from the clutches of the British were cleared and strengthened.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India Movement (1942):
Mahatma Gandhi started the “Quit India Movement” against British rule in the year 1942 with the aim of driving the British out of India. A few years after this movement, India was free from the British rulers.
Let me tell you that when Gandhiji started this movement, it was the time of the Second World War and Britain was already engaged in war with Germany, Bapu took advantage of such a situation.
In this movement of Gandhiji, the people of India gathered on a large scale and gave their support.
The movement had such an impact that the British government had to promise independence to India. The movement thus proved to be the last nail in the coffin of the British rule in India.
In this way, the movements launched by Mahatma Gandhi on the path of truth and non-violence played an important role in liberating slave India and left a deep impact in everyone’s life.
At the same time, the special thing of his movements was that he started the movement in a very peaceful manner and his movements were cancelled in the midst of any violent acts during the movement.
Conclusion for Mahatma Gandhi Essay:
Everyone needs to take inspiration from the way Mahatma Gandhiji has completely dedicated himself to the nation and big movements to get freedom for the country.
At the same time, as the violence activities are increasing today, there is a need to spread the great ideas of Gandhiji to the people, only then the violence in the country will be reduced, the country can move forward on the path of progress.
However, the contribution made by ‘Mahatma Gandhi‘ to the nation can never be forgotten. It is a matter of pride that a person like Mahatma Gandhi was born in India.
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