Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay

In many schools & colleges, students are asked to write a Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay.

Students often struggle or few get confused to write a descriptive essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

In this post, I had to offer you information about the importance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, critical analysis of Swachh Bharat mission.

You’ll also learn the advantages & disadvantages of critical analysis of Swachh Bharat mission and what are its effects are also discussed.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission is a cleanliness campaign launched by the Government of India on 2 October 2014 on Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti.

Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 100 words:

This Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, also known as Clean India Mission or Swachh Bharat Campaign, was launched by Prime Minister of India.

Prime Minister Modi on the 145th birth anniversary of our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi on October 2, 2014.

 Under this Campaign, the country peoples have given the next 2 years i.e. 2 October 2019, which is the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, it has been decided to make India a complete clean country.

Toilets will be built by the government in homes in backward areas and efforts will be made to make them clean and clean by running a cleanliness awareness in rural areas.

This campaign was started by Prime Minister of India, in 2014 from Rajghat, New Delhi on the 145th birth anniversary of Gandhiji.

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 200 words:

The Swachh Bharat Mission, launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, is an effort to make the entire country clean.

It was started on the birth anniversary of our Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi because Bapu’s dream was to make India a clean country.

Although Mahatma Gandhi made many efforts to make the country clean under various slogans and campaigns during his lifetime, he could not get support from the people at that time.

Therefore, to fulfil his dream and to make India clean, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on his 145th birth anniversary.

Under this, the government till India 2019 have decided to make India clean.

However, it will not be successful only by the efforts of the government employees, but for the success of this campaign, the citizens have to make continuous efforts.

This mission has received the support from big personalities of India from the beginning, who are making every effort to spread awareness about this campaign at their level.

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 300 words:

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission is a cleanliness campaign launched by the Government of India, which was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on the 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi to realize his dream of Swachh Bharat.

Various efforts are being made by the government under this campaign and Prime Minister Modi has asked the citizens of the country to give their full contribution so that India can become a clean country as soon as possible.

At the beginning of this campaign, the Prime Minister himself started this campaign by clearing the road.

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the biggest campaign till date in which around 30 lakh government employees and students have participated.

It is still going on continuously and people are trying to make the country clean at their level day by day.

On the day of the launch of this campaign, Prime Minister Modi had asked 9 famous personalities to contribute to this campaign and further encouraged 9 people to participate in it.

He asked to continue this series until this message reaches every citizen of the country. As a result, big stars of Bollywood world participated in it and common people were also encouraged to join it.

How it is observed:

After cleanliness campaign, common people are also keeping cleanliness in their house and neighbourhood and complaining to the employees if there is garbage, which has made the country somewhat clean.

Many times our Prime Minister has asked the general public of the country to join this campaign and put the cleaning done by them on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, etc. so that more people can also contribute by being inspired in this way.

Apart from these, in support of this campaign, in March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath banned pan, gutkha and other tobacco products throughout UP to ensure cleanliness in government official buildings.


The cleanliness campaign has seen improvement in the living standards of Indian citizens along with spreading awareness about defecation, cleanliness etc.

This campaign has had the effect that every person from every corner of the country is participating in it, due to which the country is starting to be clearer than before.

If all citizens keep making similar efforts, then the goal of complete clean India will be achieved soon.

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 500 words:


The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi had said that cleanliness is more important than freedom for humans.

During his lifetime, he had spread awareness about cleanliness among people under several campaigns.

He had inspired people throughout his life to keep cleanliness in their environment, with this he changed the lives of many people with his efforts.

However, at that time people did not participate in large numbers, which could not make it a success.

Who Launched this Initiative of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:

Our current Prime Minister is determined to realize this dream of Mahatma Gandhi.

Under this, he started the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on the 145th birth anniversary of Bapu which is a national level campaign under which he decided to make India completely clean in the next five years.

The Prime Minister wants to make India completely clean by the 150th birth anniversary of our Father and give him the gift of Clean India and he has required the support of every citizen of India to realize this dream.

Importance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:

With the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Government of India not only wants to fulfil the goal of general cleanliness but also it wants to solve the problems of waste management and the problems of open defecation because these problems are stops the country to move forward.

The main goals of this campaign are the elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets, manual scavenging, complete disposal and reuse of solid and liquid wastes.

In this way, the country will be made completely clean.

Benefits of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:

If India becomes completely clean then it will have many benefits.

Due to this, the maximum private investors will invest in our country, which will increase the GDP of India, besides increasing the number of tourists, increase employment etc.

Under this, Narendra Modi has asked every citizen of the country to deliver 100 hours of cleanliness in a year so that the country can be made clean and beautiful.

Along with this, 0.5% sanitation cess has been imposed on various items by the government so that all citizens can contribute to the cleanliness of the country and it can become a completely clean country of India by 2019.


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a very important campaign whereby India will reach new heights all over the world.

If we want to give our country new achievements in this world, then we will have to clean up and do our extreme, as well as inspire friends.

If this happens, our country will soon be among the cleanest countries in the world.

Also read: 1. Essay on Indian Army 2. Plastic Ban Essay 3. Pollution Essay

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 1400 words:

Swachh Bharat Essay


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission is a national level cleanliness campaign launched by the Government of India, which aims to make India clean.

 A clean India was also the dream of our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. In his lifetime, he had said that cleanliness is more important than independence.

He was aware of the state of India at that time, so he tried throughout his life to make it clean but he did not get the desired support of the people and he could not fulfil his dream.

Mahatma Gandhi wanted to make India clean before independence, but it has been 71 years since India became independent and statistics show that even today

About 30 per cent of the total population does not have toilet facilities, due to which they are open the inconvenience of defecation has to be raised.

With this, the problem of waste management in the country is also constantly increasing, due to which our country is not progressing at the desired rate.

To fulfil this dream of our Father of the Nation, this campaign has been started and with this campaign, in five years the Government wants to make the country completely clean and get rid of the problems of waste management and non-availability of toilets.

However, it is not possible to do this only with the government, due to which it is encouraging every citizen of the country to participate in it.

So that the dream of a clean India can be realized as soon as possible and India has a list of clean countries globally.

Need for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:

Until the goal of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is achieved in India, citizens will have to continue efforts to keep cleanliness because if our environment is clean then we remain healthy.

A healthy person is very important for the country because this development can contribute far more than an unwell person.

Given below are some of the reasons that make this campaign necessary:

  • Many people in India expel in the open, so this problem has to be got rid of and this campaign is necessary to provide toilet facilities in the house to all.
  • In India, this campaign is needed to convert the sanitary toilet into a flush toilet.
  • This is necessary to implement proper waste management through scientific processes, clean disposal, reuse and recycling of municipal solid waste.
  • This campaign is necessary for the behavioural change lane among the Indian people.
  • Also, this campaign is needed to make India clean and green.
  • It is necessary to improve the quality of life of people in rural areas.

Swachh Bharat Mission reaches urban areas in urban areas:

The Swachh Bharat Mission for the urban areas aims to make about 1.04 crore households clean so that they can be provided 2.6 lakh public toilets, 2.5 lakh community toilets in every city.

Community toilets are planned to be constructed in residential areas where the availability of individual household toilets is difficult and there are public toilets at designated places including bus stations, tourist spots, railway stations, markets, etc.

It is planned to complete the cleanliness program in urban areas in five years by 2019.

To make this campaign successful, the government allocated a total of 14000 crore rupees for it, which will be spent in different areas in these 5 years.

Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission:

Rural Swachh Bharat Mission is a mission to implement sanitation programs in rural areas.

Earlier, the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was established in 1999 by the Government of India to make rural areas clean but has now been reorganized into the Swachh Bharat Mission.

 Although both campaigns have the same goal, this time this campaign is getting more preference from the people.

The goal of this campaign is to make the rural areas open defecation free till 2019, for which the following estimate of one lakh thirty-four thousand thousand crores has been spent for the construction of about 11 crores 11 lakh toilets in the Country.

There is a big plan to convert waste into bio-fertilizer and make it useful in energy forms. This mission includes the participation of Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zilla Parishad.

The objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) are as follows:

To improve the quality of life of people living in rural areas.

Motivating people to meet the goals of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan by 2019.

Contract to provide desired facilities to the employees in the villages.

Swachh Bharat Cess:

Swachh Bharat Cess is an additional 0.5 per cent tax imposed on every service which the Finance Ministry has imposed to collect some amount from every citizen for Swachh Bharat Mission to make this campaign a success.

Under this, the citizen will have to pay 50 paise as service tax for every rupee.

Also, read 1. Cashless Economy Essay 2. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Essay 3. Demonetisation Essay


Just as the citizens of India have been increasingly participating in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign to make India clean, it can be said that soon the whole of India will be clean and green.

However, we still have to keep trying to contribute to the cleanliness drive so that we can keep cleanliness as well as inspire others to do the same.

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8 thoughts on “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay”

  1. This essay made us understand sriModis wonderful efforts to bring cleanliness across our Bharath. Vande Mataram

    Gillaa Theperumal, chennai


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