In this Artificial intelligence Essay, we will learn about Artificial intelligence, Types of Artificial Intelligence & Applications of Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial intelligence began in the 1950s, it is refers to the intellectual ability developed in an artificial way.
Through this, a computer system or robotic system is created, which is attempted to run on the basis of the same logic on which the human brain works.
Essay on Artificial intelligence:
According to John McCarthy (the father of Artificial Intelligence) it is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs, i.e., the intelligence displayed by machines.
Artificial intelligence is a way of making computer-controlled robots or intelligence-thinking software like humans.
It studies about how the human brain thinks and learns while solving a problem, how it makes decisions and how it works.
The government Support:
A committee has been formed under the chairmanship of NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar to outline the Artificial Intelligence Program at the national level.
Apart from the representatives of the government, academics and industry will also be represented in it.
In the current budget, the government has made a provision of $ 480 million for Fifth Generation technology startups, which include Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning Internet of Things, 3-D Printing and Block Chains.
In addition, the government plans to promote research, training, human resources and skill development in the fields of Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Digital Manufacturing, Big Data Intelligence, Real Time Data and Quantum Communication.
How it started:
Artificial Intelligence started in the 1950s, but its importance was recognized in the 1970s.
Japan was the first to take this initiative and in 1981 launched a scheme called Fifth Generation, 10-year program for the development of supercomputers was presented in it.
Britain created a project called ‘Elvi’ whereas European Union countries also introduced a program called ‘Esprit’.
Subsequently in 1983, some private organizations jointly established a group ‘Micro-Electronics and Computer Technology’ to develop advanced technologies applicable to Artificial Intelligence, such as very Large Scale Integrated Circuits. Also, read artificial intelligence essay application.
7-point Strategy on Artificial Intelligence:
- Developing methods for human machine interaction.
- To build a competent workforce with Artificial Intelligence and R&D.
- Ensuring the security of artificial intelligence systems.
- Understanding and working on the ethical, legal and social implications of Artificial Intelligence.
- Evaluating Artificial Intelligence Technology as a Standard and Measurement through Benchmarks.
Experts on Artificial Intelligence point to the arrival of a situation like ‘Technological Singularity’, it denotes to two things:
In the future, artificial intelligence will be created, which is more acute than the brain of humans.
This intelligence will be able to solve problems very fast, which is beyond the capacity of man.
It is believed that by 2045, machines will be able to learn and improve themselves and will start thinking, understanding and working at such a rapid pace that the path of human development will change forever.
Prospects of Artificial Intelligence in India:
Artificial intelligence is started in India and there are many areas in the country where it can be used.
Seeing its potential in the development of the country, the industry has recommended to the government to identify the areas where the use of artificial intelligence can be beneficial.
The government also wants to use artificial intelligence where possible in the country for good governance.
The government has appealed to the industry to cooperate in creating a model for the use of artificial intelligence.
The industry has asked the government to focus on a few points for this:
There should be an authority in the country for Artificial Intelligence to set its rules and supervise the whole region.
Government should identify those areas where it can be used on priority basis.
Energy, education, health, transport, agriculture etc. can be suitable areas for artificial intelligence essay.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence:
- Computer Games.
- Natural Language Processing.
- Proficient System.
- Vision System.
- Speech Recognition.
- Intelligent Robot.
Types of Artificial Intelligence:
- Purely Reactive.
- Limited Memory.
- Brain Theory.
Why is it important to be careful?
Artificial intelligence will change our way of living and functioning.
Techniques such as robotics and virtual reality will see revolutionary changes in production and manufacturing methods.
A study by Oxford University reported that only one and a half million jobs would end up in the US in the next two decades.
There are as many benefits as there are benefits from machines with artificial intelligence.
Experts say that if thinking robots understand humans for some reason or situation, they can pose a threat to humanity.
All machines and weapons can revolt. Such a situation is envisioned in Hollywood’s ‘Terminator’ film. Also, read artificial intelligence essay conclusion.
Will reskilling be needed?
Will intelligent machines increase unemployment or make humans more efficient?
It is not possible to answer this question under the present circumstances.
When they begin to be used, then understanding how intelligent machines can be used efficiently in any work area will be very important for success.
A skilled craftsman, artist, writer, musician, teacher or doctor will get employment in the era of intelligent machines, but the efficient use of intelligent machines in business will enhance their skills.
The most successful will be those who will be able to imagine brand new products, services and industries.
Actually, Artificial Intelligence is a complex subject, so first an all-inclusive study has to be done regarding its positive and negative effects.
The government will have to be careful about artificial intelligence.
The groups mostly affected by the changes brought about through mechanization are those who are unable to bring desirable improvements in their skill capacity within a given time.
Therefore, the government should provide resources along with time to provide adequate training to such people.
In this changing phase of technologies, the need is that people should be given skills for specialized work and infrastructure should also be developed.
Conclusion for Artificial intelligence Essay:
Artificial intelligence is an important topic that has been discussion for the past several decades.
Scientists keep discussing about its advantages and disadvantages time to time.
Today the world is changing rapidly through technology.
In order to speed up the development and provide better amenities to the people, state of the art technology is being used in every field.
While increasing industrialization, urbanization and globalization have accelerated the pace of development, it has also given rise to many new problems, which are constantly coming up with new solutions to solve them.
While scientists has many of the benefits of artificial intelligence, they also believe that the biggest harm will come to humans because their work will be taken from machines, which themselves will be decided and not controlled.
They can be harmful to human civilization, so there will be a need to balance both merits and demerits before using them.