In this Makar Sankranti Essay, we had discussed about Makar Sankranti festival, importance of Makar Sankranti and Celebration of Makar Sankranti.
The festival of Makar Sankranti is one of the major festivals of Hindus celebrated in different states of India on the basis of their respective religious beliefs, customs and culture.
This festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 or 15 January every year, favorable activities like marriage, worship, rituals begin with this festival.
Farmers celebrate this festival as a festival of happiness and prosperity in the joy of cooking their crop.
Essay on Makar Sankranti in 300 words:
Sankranti is the movement of Sun from one zodiac to another, the time between one solstices to another is called the solar month.
Although, there are a total of 12 Surya Sankranti, but amongst these Aries, Cancer, Libra and Makar, Sankranti are the most important.
The special thing about this festival, it is celebrated every year on 14 January but sometimes it is celebrated one day before or after, i.e. 13 January or 15 January, but this happens very rarely.
In this way, Makar Sankranti is instantly related to the geography of the Earth and the position of the Sun.
Whenever the sun comes on the Makar Rekha, the day is January 14 and people celebrate it as the festival of Makar Sankranti.
On the other hand, according to astrologers, on this day Sun the Sun transits into Makara (Capricorn) and the beginning of Uttarayan of Sun starts.
Importance of Makar Sankranti:
- During the solstice, the Sun is Uttarayan, that is, the northern hemisphere of the Earth turns towards the Sun.
- Uttarayana is the house of gods, one year is equal to two ayans and one ayana is one complete day of the divinity, for this reason, weddings and auspicious works begin on the day of Makar.
- There is also a belief, that on this day, Lord Surya visits his son Shani himself at his home, since Shanidev is the lord of Capricorn, this day is known as Makar Sankranti.
- Apart from this, this festival is considered to be of special importance in Hinduism.
- There is also a mention of the festival of Makar Sankranti in the Vedas and Puranas.
- On this day, chanting, austerity, bathing, Shradh donation, etc. are also very important.
- It is believed that people who perform Gangasanan on the day of Makar Sankranti get excellence.
Makar Sankranti Essay 500 words:
This holy festival of Makar Sankranti is known by different names everywhere in India.
- In Maharashtra it is called as Makar Sankranti.
- In South India, it is called as Pongal.
- In Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka it is called Sankranti.
- In Gujarat and Rajasthan it is called Uttarayan.
- In Assam, this festival is called as Bihu.
The name and the way of celebrating this holy festival are completely different in each province.
Celebration of Makar Sankranti:
According to different beliefs, the dishes of this festival are also different, however, pulses and rice khichdi are the main identities of this festival.
Eating khichdi with jaggery and ghee is very necessary on this day.
Apart from this, sesame and jaggery also have great significance on Makar Sankranti.
On this day, getting up early within the morning and bathing with sesame seeds is finished.
After this, all of the family members worship the Sun God and offer Arghya to them and provide khichdi.
Along with this, individuals pay attention to their ancestors on the day of Makar Sankranti and also provide it to them.
Apart from this, sesame and jaggery laddus and different dishes are also made on at the present time.
Although people celebrate this festival of happiness, wealth and charity in their own way, but this festival works to connect people, hence this festival of Makar Sankranti is considered a symbol of happiness and harmony and unity.
Essay on Makar Sankranti 1000 WORDS:
Our country India is a country of festivals and fairs, where people of different religion, caste, community, culture, gender and creed etc. live and celebrate their festival in their own ways.
Similarly, the festival of Makar Sankranti can also be one of the major festivals of Hindus, which is celebrated in several ways in different parts of India.
When and why is the festival of Makar Sankranti celebrated?
This festival is celebrated yearly on January 14 and 15 on Makar Sankranti.
It is celebrated as Khichdi, Makar Sankranti in North India and Pongal in South India.
Based on the Hindu calendar, the festival of Makar Sankranti is well known in Paush month when the Sun enters the Capricorn sign from Sagittarius.
The festival of Makar Sankranti is a festival that’s celebrated on the basis of the position of the Solar compared to the Earth.
This is the reason that due to the slight change in the position of the moon, it is sometimes celebrated on January 14 and sometimes on January 15.
At the same time, a slight difference in the date of Makar Sankranti comes from the change in every sign of the Sun.
According to scientists before this day, the rise of the sun used to set in the south direction through the east.
But after this day, the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the northern hemisphere, hence from this day the night time starts getting shorter and the days start getting bigger.
Religious and mythological beliefs:
Many religious and mythological stories are also associated with the sacred festival of Makar Sankranti.
According to a popular belief related to this, River Ganga had descended on the earth on the holy festival of Makar Sankranti.
At the same time, according to another belief related to this, Bhishma Pitamah also left his body on the day of Makar Sankranti in Mahabharata.
How to celebrate the festival of Makar Sankranti:
- The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different states of India with their own religious culture and customs.
- Donating jaggery, khichdi, sesame, fruit etc. on this day also has a different significance.
- Bathing in holy pilgrimages and rivers on this day also has special significance and sun God is worshiped on this day.
- Along with this, kite flying has a different significance on this day.
- Kite festival can also be organized on a large scale in lots of states on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.
- On this day people make sesame, jaggery laddus and different dishes.
Different names of Makar Sankranti:
The festival of Makar Sankranti is known by different names in several parts of the nation.
It is known as Khichdi or Makar Sankranti in Uttar Pradesh and West Bihar, Pongal in South India, Sugi Habba in Karnataka, Bhogali Bihu in Assam, Uttarayan in Gujarat and Uttarakhand, Makar Viklu in Kerala, Shishur Sankrant in Kashmir, Paush Sankranti in West Bengal, Himachal In the state of Maghi, Haryana and Punjab it is known as Lohri.
In this way, the method of celebrating it is different in every state of the country, but this festival has the same importance and gratitude everywhere.
Importance of charity:
On this auspicious festival of happiness and prosperity, donating and doing help to the poor and needy has its own distinct significance.
Donation of khichdi, sesame, good etc. is considered very fruitful and good on this day.
On this day, married women donate milk, clothes, salt and other necessities to other well-off women.
Importance of kite flying:
Makar Sankranti is also known as the “Kite Festival” and the festival of kite flying.
On this day, kite flying also has its own importance.
There are many religious stories related to kite flying on this occasion.
At the same time, it is believed that Lord Ram started kite flying on this occasion, since then this tradition is being followed.
At the same time, social and scientific importance is also attached to kite flying.
On this occasion, a large-scale kite festival is also organized in many places including Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.
Makar Sankranti in different states of India:
The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different ways in different parts of India.
On this festival day in Rajasthan, Suhagin women worship the Sun God, listen to stories and prepare traditional dishes in their homes.
In Uttar Pradesh and West Bihar, this festival is also known as Khichdi.
Here, bathing in holy rivers, donating khichdi etc. have special significance on this festival.
At the same time in Tamil Nadu, this festival is celebrated as Pongal festival, which lasts for 4 days.
In South India it is also celebrated as a major harvest festival and a festival of happiness andprosperity because on the occasion, the crops of farmers are ripped properly.
At the same time, in Gujarat and Uttarakhand, they are known by the name of Uttarayan and distribute sweets etc.
On this occasion, while in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh on January 13, a day before Makar Sankranti, celebrate it as Lohri, in which people revolve around the fire.
They worship, pray and wish their family happiness and prosperity.
Traditional dishes are made in different regions of the country on the sacred festival of Makar Sankranti.
In North India and Bihar, there is a tradition of eating khichdi, jaggery, ghee, sesame seeds, revdi and gajak on this day.
On the same day, many sweets and traditional preparations made of rice and milk are prepared on this day in South India, while jiggery, jalebi, mangodi, etc. are made on this day in Rajasthan.
Conclusion for Makar Sankranti Essay:
The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated not only in India but also in Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal etc. countries.
This festival is considered a symbol of happiness, wealth and prosperity.