Difference between Natural and Synthetic Fibres

Natural fibres are generated from natural sources, and synthetic fibres are obtained from a variety of chemical substances.

Here are some key distinctions between them to help you learn how they differ:

Natural Fibres Vs Synthetic Fibres:

What are Natural Fibres?

They have a natural colour. Dying is a straightforward process if colourings required.

Natural fibres are frequently light and comfortable.

It is beneficial to the environment.

It dissolves to ashes when burnt.

These fibres have restricted applicability as compared to synthetic fibres

Plant fibres such as linen and cotton are ideal examples.

Two examples of animal fibres are wool and silk.

Synthetic Fibres are more durable than natural fibres.

What are Synthetic Fibres?

Acrylic, nylon, and polyester are samples of synthetic fibres.

Colours can be provided to make.

Colouring is a difficult task.

These fabrics are not as light and comfortable as natural fibres.

It is not environmentally friendly since some fibres, like polypropylene, are damaging to the environment.

It dissolves and has a chemical stench when burnt.

These fibres outperform natural fibres in terms of strength.

What is Difference between Natural and Synthetic Fibres?

Natural fibre are those generated by plants or animals while Synthetic fibre are man-made fibre developed in the laboratory.

So, what’s the difference?  Let’s discuss the difference between them and how they are similar but not the same.

Natural FibresSynthetic Fibers
It is derived from nature.It is derived from Man-made fibres.
The Colour is natural.Colour is applied to the colour solution as needed.
Even during the spinning process, a spinneret is not necessary.Spinneret is required for the generation of filament during the spinning process.
Possibility of dust or contaminants.There is no possibility of dust or contaminants.
Natural fibres are less durable.Synthetic Fibres are more durable.
Natural fibres are available as staples or filaments.Synthetic fibres are available as staples, filaments, or cut lengths.
They do not require chemical solutions for yarn manufacturing, butThey require chemical solutions.
Natural fibres are more biodegradable than synthetic fibres..Synthetic fibres are non-biodegradable.
They are costly.They are inexpensive.


This brings us to the end of this article, we’ve looked at how natural fibres differ from those synthetic fibres.

Natural fibre is beneficial to one’s health and is comfy to wear, while synthetic fibre is neither comfortable nor healthful.

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