Difference between Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons

Monocotyledons are grass and grass-like flowering plants known as angiosperms, each of whose seeds normally only has one embryonic leaf or cotyledon whereas Dicotyledons are the seed that possesses two embryonic leaves, or cotyledons, which is a defining property of the group.

Here are some of the main differences between monocotyledons and dicotyledons to help you understand how both differ:

Monocotyledons Vs Dicotyledons:


 Monocotyledon seeds have an advanced endosperm.

Proteins and starch, which are essential for the plant’s initial growth, are often stored there.

The monocotyledons typically have hypogeal seed germination.

Monocotyledons have simple, isobilateral symmetric leaves.

They always have a lengthy sheath that covers the stem, parallel veins, and a smooth edge


Dicotyledons are a group of flowering plants.

Starch, lipids, or proteins are stored in the cotyledons and used by the plant to grow until it starts to


Dicotyledon seed germination occurs during the hypogeal or epigeal stage.

The leaves have dorsiventral symmetry and can be simple or elaborate.

They frequently feature jagged or dissected margins and net or reticulate venation.

What is Difference between Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons?

A Monocotyledon embryo contains a single cotyledon, whereas a dicotyledon embryo contains two cotyledons.

Let’s discuss the difference between them as follows:

Monocotyledonous embryos had only one cotyledon.Dicotyledonous embryos have two cotyledons.
Their root system is fibrous.It has a tap root system in place.
In monocots, the venation of the leaves is parallel.The leaves of dicot plants feature reticulated or netted venation.
Monocot blooms have a floral component count that is a multiple of three or equal to three.A dicot flower has parts that are a multiple of four or five, or that add up to four or five.
Monocotyledons lack a cambium in their roots and stems, preventing them from growing larger than dicotyledons.Dicotyledons have cambium-containing roots and stem that can expand in diameter than monocotyledons.
Flowering plants can be identified by the single terminal cotyledon that is present in every seed.Flowering plants can be identified by the two lateral cotyledons that are present in each seed.
Simple leaves have parallel veins, smooth edges, isobilateral symmetry, lengthy sheaths that always round the stem, and stomata on both surfaces.Simple or complex leaves have dorsiventral symmetry, net or reticulate venation, and stomata on the down surface.
Monocotyledons include garlic, onions, wheat, corn, and grasses.Dicots include beans, cauliflower, apples, pears, as well as other fruits.
Inside the seed of a monocot is a huge endosperm that feeds the embryo plant.Inside the seed of a dicot is a small endosperm.
Herbaceous plants make up the vast bulk of monocots. Some are arboreous on occasion.Dicots can be herbaceous or arboreal.


After reading this article you learned a lot about the differences between monocotyledons and dicotyledons, they are no longer able to confuse you.

The two plant groups found in angiosperms are monocot and dicot. Angiosperms are planting that bloom, they are the most productive, dominating, and diverse plants on the planet.

Angiosperms contain about 250,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and woody plants. Monocots and dicots have different roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and seeds.

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