Difference between Biotic and Abiotic Components

Biotic components comprise all producers, consumers and decomposers found in the environment, whereas abiotic components include all non-living animals found in the environment such as gas and liquid sources.

To help you learn how biotic and abiotic components vary, below are some key differences:

Biotic Vs Abiotic:

What is Biotic?

The name “biotic” is made up of two words: “bio,” which means “life,” and “ic,” which means “like.” Hence, the phrase signifies “life-like” and refers to all living creatures in an ecosystem.

Biotic factors are creatures that are alive or were formerly alive in the environment.

These are taken from the biosphere and are susceptible to reproduction.

Biotic components include all producers, consumers, and decomposers resulting in the transformation and transfer of energy across the food cycle.

Producers are creatures that create their own food through mechanisms such as photosynthesis.

Consumers are groups of organisms that rely on producers, both directly or indirectly, for energy and nourishment.

Biotic components of the ecosystem collect the energy necessary for the transformation of inorganic molecules into organic ones as compared to abiotic.

Biotic phenomena include mammals, birds, flora, fungus, and other creatures.

What is Abiotic?

The word abiotic refers to all non-living elements in an environment.

Abiotic kinds of nonphysical and chemical aspects in an ecosystem.

Commonly, abiotic resources are obtained from the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere.

These elements influence the development, survival, and reproduction of living creatures, as well as their ability to operate in the ecosystem.

All of the resources in the environment are either used by various living species or made inaccessible to organisms after they have been used by other organisms.

Hydrolysis or other physical processes are used in the natural breakdown of different components such as chemicals or minerals.

Abiotic components include water, air, land, sunshine, and minerals.

What is Difference Between Biotic and Abiotic Components?

What is Difference Between Biotic and Abiotic Components?

Biotic components are all living species existing in an ecosystem, whereas abiotic components are all non-living organisms existing in the ecosystem, such as physical conditions (temperature, pH, humidity, salinity, sunlight, etc.)

So, what’s the difference?  Let’s discuss the difference between biotic and abiotic components and how they are similar but not the same.

Biotic variables include all biological components of an environment.Abiotic variables are all non-living elements that impact an ecosystem, such as physical circumstances and chemical components.
The biosphere is the source of biotic components.Abiotic components are influenced by the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.
For species survival, biotic factors depend on abiotic forces.Abiotic factors exist independently of biotic factors.
Directly impact the biome, a certain species’ individual, the biosphere, and the population.Directly impacts a certain species’ individual, population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere.
Adaptable to changes in the environmentThey cannot adjust to changing environmental circumstances.
Symbiosis, parasitism, and predator-prey relationships are all examples of biotic associations.Abiotic variables occur in addition to biotic factors.
The biotic component is measured subjectively.The abiotic component is measured objectively.
Example: All plants and wildlife are examples of biotic resources.Example: Light, water, atmosphere, humidity, pH, temperature, salinity, snowfall, and elevation of air are examples of abiotic variables.


As a result of a thorough discussion of the two concepts, you should have a clear understanding difference between biotic and abiotic components.

The importance of abiotic and biotic elements is revealed through their interplay, while proper relationships must exist for a community or an ecosystem to survive.

• Section Under Diff

Gupshups is the place to find the most inspirational & motivation quotes, essay, speechs & lot more.

Leave a Comment