Mahatma Gandhi: Biography, Essay, & Facts

Mahatma Gandhi: Biography, Essay, & Facts

Mahatma Gandhi
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Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who fought for the freedom of India throughout his life.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great man who has been living in the hearts of Indians since ancient times. Every person and child of India knows him as “Bapu” and “Father of the Nation”.

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over India on October 2 and this day is also celebrated as Non-Violence Day all over the world.

On this occasion, many programs are organized in schools, colleges, government offices etc. to express respect to the Father of the Nation.

Through these programs, essay writing competitions are also organized to show the importance of Mahatma Gandhi to the younger generation today.

Therefore, today we are providing you with some essays in different word limits, highlighting the life of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhiji, which you can use as per your need:

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Mahatma Gandhi Essay:

Mahatma Gandhi is mostly known as “Father of the Nation” and “Bapu” for his incredible contribution. He was a great man who believed in non-violence and social unity.

Why Mahatma Gandhi is called Father of Nation?

Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the nation as he was the chief architect of the independence struggle.

He had raised the voice for the social development of rural areas in India, he inspired Indians to use indigenous goods and in many ways, he also raised his voice against the British on social issues.

They wanted to destroy the tradition of untouchability and discrimination from Indian culture. Later he joined the Indian independence campaign and started fighting.

In Indian history, he was a great man who transformed the dream of freedom of Indians into reality. Even today, people remember him for his great and incredible work.

Even today people are given the example of their life. He was not true and non-violent from birth but he made himself non-violent.

King Harish Chandra’s life had a great impact on him.

After school, he completed his law studies in England and started a lawyer career. He faced a lot of problems in his life but he never gave up, he always kept moving forward.

He started a number of campaigns such as the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Urban Disobedience Movement in 1930, and finally, the Quit India Movement in 1942 and all these movements proved to be effective in liberating India.

Eventually, India got independence from the British Rule due to his struggles.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life was very simple, he did not believe in apartheid and caste discrimination.

He also made a lot of efforts to destroy the tradition of untouchables from Indian society and due to this he also gave the name of “Harijan” to the untouchables which mean “People of God”.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great social reformer and freedom fighter and the aim of his life was to liberate India.

He also inspired a lot of Indians and he believed that a human being should live a simple life and be self-supporting.

Gandhiji was against foreign goods, so he used to give prominence to indigenous things in India.

They wanted to expand farming and indigenous goods in India. He was a spiritual man and he promoted spirituality in Indian politics.

Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent struggle for the country can never be forgotten. He spent his entire life in bringing freedom to the country.

And on serving the country, this Mahatma died on 30 January 1948 and was cremated in the presence of millions of supporters at Rajghat, Delhi.

 30 January is celebrated in India as Martyr’s Day in his memory.

“I never want to think about what will happen in the future, I just worry about the present, God has not given me any control over the moments to come.”

Mahatma Gandhi
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 500 words:


Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who was given the title of ‘Father of the Nation’ and ‘Mahatma’ due to his great works.

The significant contribution made by him in the freedom struggle can never be forgotten.

Today, on the strength of their tireless efforts, sacrifice, detriment and dedication, all of us in Indian independent India are breathing peace.

He was such a priest of truth and non-violence, who forced the British to leave India while walking on the path of peace, he is an inspiration to everyone.

Every person in the country is influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s great ideas.

Mahatma Gandhi Information:

Mahatma Gandhi, considered the main architect of the freedom struggle, was born in an ordinary family on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His childhood name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

His father, Karam Chand Gandhi, was the ‘Diwan’ of Rajkot during the British rule. His mother’s name was Putlibai, an obedient woman with religious views, whose views had a profound impact on Gandhiji.

At the same time, when he was 13 years old, he was married to Kasturba under the practice of child marriage.

Gandhiji was a very disciplined and obedient child since childhood.

He completed his early education in Gujarat and then went to England to study law, from where he returned to India to start work in India, however, he did not last long in advocacy.

Mahatma Gandhi Political Career:

It was during the course of his advocacy that Gandhiji had to suffer apartheid in South Africa.

According to an incident with Gandhiji, once he sat in the first-class compartment of the train, he was pushed out of the train compartment.

Along with this, he was also barred from visiting many big hotels in South Africa. After which Gandhiji fought fiercely against apartheid.

He entered politics with the aim of destroying discrimination against Indians and then gave a new dimension to the politics of the country with his judiciousness and proper political skills and also played an important role as a freedom fighter.

Mahatma Gandhi as a great ideological and idealist:

Mahatma Gandhi was a very ideological and idealistic leader. He was a simple life, high minded person, due to his nature, people used to call him “Mahatma”.

His great ideas and idealism have also been followed by many greats like Albert Einstein, Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Nelson Mandela, and Martin Luther King.

These people were faithful supporters of Gandhiji. The great personality of Gandhiji had an influence not only in the country but also abroad.

Truth and non-violence were his two powerful weapons, and it was on these weapons that he forced the British to leave India.

He was a great freedom fighter and politician as well as a social worker who also made commendable efforts to remove casteism, untouchability, gender discrimination etc. in India.


Gandhi, who was assured in the service of the nation throughout his life, was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948, shortly after the independence of the country.

He was a great figure and age man who never gave up on the truth even in the most difficult of circumstances and kept steadfast and determined to pursue his goal.

mahatma gandhi information
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 1000 words:


Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, the sacrifice, sacrifice and dedication made by Mahatma Gandhi to the nation can never be forgotten.

He was a great man, who devoted his entire life to liberate the country from the shackles of slavery. Gandhi’s great and influential personality affects everyone.

Mahatma Gandhi’s role in the freedom struggle:

After all the struggles against Apartheid in South Africa, when he returned to his home country, he saw that the brutal British rule was doing inhuman atrocities on innocent Indians and the people of the country were suffering from poverty and hunger.

After which he pledged to throw the cruel British out of India and then rushed into the freedom struggle with his determined and steadfast goal of attaining independence.

Major movements organized by Mahatma Gandhi:

During the freedom struggle, Mahatma Gandhiji started many big movements against the British, following the path of truth and non-violence.

His peacefully organized movements not only weakened the foundations of the British government in India but also forced him to leave India. Some of the main movements run by him are as follows:

Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha:

In the year 1917, when the British were exploiting the farmers of Champaran under their oppressive policies, some farmers were not able to pay much tax.

Due to which terrible conditions like poverty and hunger had arisen, in view of which Gandhiji started the Champaran movement in a peaceful manner against the British, as a result of this movement he was able to get back about 25 per cent of the amount of money to the farmers.

In the year 1918, due to the severe floods in Kheda of Gujarat, the Akali Mountain was broken on the people there, the farmers were unable to pay a heavy tax to the British.

Seeing this, Gandhiji started a non-violent agitation against the British, demanding the farmers to waive their rent, after which the British rule had to accept their demands and the farmers there had to be exempted from tax.

This movement of Mahatma Gandhi is also known as Kheda Satyagraha movement.

Non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi:

Gandhiji was deeply saddened by the oppressive policies of the British and the innocent people killed in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the flame of liberating the country from the atrocities of the British was intensified in his heart.

Due to this, he decided to launch a non-cooperation movement against the British on the path of truth and non-violence. Under this movement, he appealed to the Indian public not to support British rule.

In this movement of Gandhiji, Indians supported on a large scale and started resigning from posts under the British government, such as teachers, administrative system and other government posts, as well as fiercely boycotted government schools, colleges and government institutions.

During this time people burned the foreign cloth and started adopting Khadi garments and indigenous items. Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement weakened the foundation of British rule in India.

Civil Disobedience Movement / Dandi Yatra / Salt Satyagraha (1930):

Mahatma Gandhi launched this movement against the oppressive policies of the British government. He travelled on foot to violate the salt law of the British government.

Gandhiji started from Sabarmati Ashram on 12 March 1930 with some of his followers.

After this, on April 6, Gandhi reached Dandi and violated the salt law of the British Government by making salt along the sea.

Under the Salt Satyagraha, the Indian people went against the orders of the British Government and started making and selling salt themselves.

This non-violent movement of Gandhiji weakened the British government and the path of liberating slave India from the clutches of the British was cleared and strengthened.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India Movement (1942):

Mahatma Gandhi started the “Quit India Movement” against British rule in the year 1942 with the aim of driving the British out of India.

A few years after this movement, India was freed from slavery by the British rulers.

Let me tell you that when Gandhiji started this movement, it was the time of the Second World War and Britain was already engaged in war with Germany, Bapu took advantage of such a situation.

In this movement of Gandhiji, the people of India gathered on a large scale and gave their support.

The movement had such an impact that the British government had to promise independence to India. The movement thus proved to be the last nail in the coffin of the British rule in India.

In this way, the movements launched by Mahatma Gandhi on the path of truth and non-violence played an important role in liberating slave India and left a deep impact in everyone’s life.

At the same time, the special thing of his movements was that he started the movement in a very peaceful manner and his movements were cancelled in the midst of any violent acts during the movement.


Everyone needs to take inspiration from the way Mahatma Gandhiji has completely dedicated himself to the nation and started many big movements to get freedom for the country by walking on the path of truth and non-violence.

At the same time, as the violence activities are increasing today, there is a need to spread the great ideas of Gandhiji to the people.

Only then the violence in the country and the world will be reduced and the country can move forward on the path of progress.

Father of Nation

Some interesting facts about Mohandas Gandhi:

There are many interesting and important facts about the life of Mahatma Gandhi, whose father you hardly know. Which we will tell you today through this article, which are as follows –

1) Gandhiji’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, his father Karamchand Gandhi was a staunch Hindu and caste-based baniya.

Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Porbandar, the capital of Gujarat, besides he was the Diwan of Rajkot and Banker. His mother tongue was Gujarati.

2) Mahatma Gandhi is known as a courageous, brave and fearless leader of freedom, but let me tell you that he wrote in his autobiography that he was a very shy person in childhood, even talking to classmates. He was also hesitant to do it.

3) Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary is celebrated all over the country on 2 October, but the United Nations has declared Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday as World Non-Violence Day on 2 October, so also celebrated his birthday as International Nonviolence Day.

4) Mahatma Gandhi was the youngest children of Putlibai and Karamchand, he also had two brothers and a sister.

5) It is believed that on 12 April 1919 Rabindranath Tagore wrote a letter to Gandhiji in which he addressed Gandhiji as ‘Mahatma’, however, some scholars also have different opinions.

6) It is also very interesting about Mahatma Gandhi, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 5 times, but he never received this award. Because he was killed by Godse even before the award in 1948. However, the Nobel Committee did not award the award to anyone that year.

7) India’s father has also been awarded the “Man of the Year” award in 1930 by America’s Time magazine.

8) It is a very interesting fact about Mahatma Gandhi that he has never been to America in his entire life and he is said to have never sat in an aeroplane even after 24 years abroad.

9) Plain living, high-minded Gandhiji walked 18 kilometres every day, his life is estimated according to this journey, his walk was equal to two trips around the world. At the same time, in 1939, at the age of 70, Gandhiji weighed 46 kg.

10) The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, who contributed significantly to the independence of the country, spent 6 years and 5 months of his life in prison. Let us tell you that Gandhiji was arrested 13 times.

The influential personality of Mahatma Gandhi has influenced the whole world, so there are 53 main roads named after him in India and 48 kilometres abroad.

12) When our India became independent on 15 August 1947, Mahatma Gandhi was not present to hear the speech of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India that night, he was on a fast that day.

Let me tell you that in 1921 Mahatma Gandhi had pledged to keep a fast on every Monday till the independence of the country and he had fasted for about 1 thousand 41 days in his life.

13) The ideal hero of independence, Gandhiji made many agitations for the country, many times he was also proposed to adopt political post, but Gandhiji never adopted the post of politics in his whole life.

14) To get freedom for the country, Gandhiji made many agitations and fought against the British for many years, but it was the British government which issued a stamp in his honour 21 years after the death of Mahatma, which is commendable.

15) Mahatma Gandhi made all struggles and movements throughout his lifetime and also achieved success. Apart from this, he was also responsible for the Civil Rights Movement in 4 continent and 12 countries.

16) It is also said about Gandhiji that after completing his law studies, when he started advocating, he could not present his case properly in court, even fighting the first case.

At that time, he began to tremble and left the debate midway, due to which he failed to advocate in the initial stages. However, he later became an infamous and successful lawyer.

At the same time, in South Africa, he used to get 15 thousand dollars annually for advocacy, which is equivalent to about 10 lakh rupees today, while many Indians still have less annual income.

17) Gandhi had many admirers due to his ideals of life and his great ideas, but the founder of the Apple Company, Steve Jobs also wore round glasses in honour of Mahatma Gandhi.

1) There is a very interesting fact about Mahatma Gandhi that he used to put fake teeth, which he used to put between his clothes and used it while eating.

19) It is also said about Mahatma Gandhi that he did not like being photographed at all, but during the freedom struggle, he was a superhero who was photographed the most.

20) Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Godse on 30 January 1948 in the Birla Bhavan garden.

His funeral procession was attended by a large number of people, his funeral procession being about 8 kilometres long, with a pedestrian number of about 1 million, while more than 1.5 million people were standing on the way and paying their last respects.

Let us tell you that the funeral of Mahatma Gandhi has also been called the largest funeral of independent India.

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Apart from these, there are many such facts about the life of the Father of the Nation, which is very interesting and important.

However, the contribution made by ‘Mahatma Gandhi‘ to the nation can never be forgotten. It is a matter of pride that a person like Mahatma Gandhi was born in India.


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