Difference between Xylem and Phloem

Xylem refers to the plant’s permanent, dead tissue that transports water and other vital components whereas Phloem is a complex tissue that carries soluble organic substances throughout vascular plants.

Here are some of the main differences between Xylem and phloem. to help you understand how both differ:

Xylem Vs Phloem:


The term xylem refers to the plant’s permanent, dead tissue that carries water and other essential nutrients.

Long tubes made of xylem cells serve as means of material transportation.

Xylem sap describes the fluid that runs through xylem cells and is composed of water and nutrients.

Additionally, there is no energy needed for the passive transfer of these chemicals.

The mechanism known as capillary action makes it possible for xylem sap to flow upward in defiance of gravity. Additionally, when the liquid rises because of surface tension, capillary action takes place.

By sticking to the xylem cells, the xylem also helps the water ascend as compared to phloem.


A complex tissue called phloem is responsible for transporting soluble organic materials all across vascular plants.

Proteins and sucrose sugars are the main forms of photo assimilates that are transported by phloem through the system of translocation.

This should be acknowledged that this motion involves the entire plant, not just the leaves.

The cell’s high concentration of organic substances causes the development of an osmotic gradient.

Additionally, the nearby xylem is passively used to extract water.

Therefore, strong turgor pressure and sugar solution are produced within the phloem, causing essential components to flow to different areas of plants.

What is Difference between Xylem and Phloem?

Xylem transports minerals and water from the roots to the leaves While phloem transports the food created by the leaves to various areas of the plant.

Let’s discuss the difference between Xylem and phloem:

Transporting water and other nutrients to plants is done by a complex tissue in plants called xylem.Transporting food and other organic materials is done by phloem, a living tissue.
The xylem is made up of dead cells; the only living cell found there is parenchyma.Mostly live cells are found in the phloem (fibres are the only dead cells in the phloem).
They are made up of tracheid, fibre, and xylem vessels.Companion cells, sieve cells, sieve tubes, and phloem parenchyma are the components of these issues.
The vascular bundles centre, deep inside the plant, is where the xylem is found.The vascular bundles outside are where the phloem is found.
They travel in only one direction.Phloem motion is reciprocal.
Only minerals and water are transported by Xylem from the roots.Food ingredients prepared by the green sections of plants are transported to other parts of the plant by phloem.
It gives mechanical assistance.It does not offer mechanical support.
The xylem is a dead tissue that has no cell contents as compared to the phloem.The living tissue, phloem, lacks a nucleus.
The majority of the plant’s body is frequently made up of xylem.Phloem constitutes a relatively small portion of the plant’s body.
The conducting cells, also known as tracheary cells, are dead in the xylem.The conducting cells are alive in the phloem.


After reading this article you learned a lot about the differences between Xylem and phloem.

Xylem and phloem are two separate types of vascular tissues that play a major role in the transportation process.

These tissues typically form a circulatory bundle and function as one cohesive unit. Phloem moves in both directions, but the xylem only moves in one direction.

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