1. Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on the July 23, 1906.
2. It is said that on being manufactured before a judge, he gave his name as ‘Azad’, father’s name as ‘Swatantrata’ and residence as ‘Jail’. In jail, Azad was sentenced to 15 lashes.
3. As a revolutionary, he assumed the last name Azad, which means “free” in Urdu. Legend has it that while he accepted the name, he declared the police would never capture him alive.
4. Chandra Shekhar’s mother wanted to make her son a great Sanskrit scholar and so she influenced his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi to study Sanskrit.
5. Azad was only 15 years old when he was arrested for the first time in December 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement, he joined in despite being just a student.
6. Jallianwala Bagh massacre which took place in 1919 was when he decided to join the Non-Cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920.
7. He was the chief planner of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
8. He became very famous for the Kakori Train robbery in 1925 the train carrying cash going to the British treasury and the murder of assistant superintendent of police John Poyantz Saunders in 1928.
9. Bhagat Singh joined Azad after the death of Lala Lajpat Rai after he was flattened by police officials. Azad trained Singh and others in secret activities.
10. He had declared that he will never get arrested by the British police and followed his promise by using his last bullet to shoot himself in the head.
11. Azad always believed that the money given to their party by the people should only be used for the nation.
12. On February 23, 1931, police surrounded Azad from all side and he was hit on his right thigh making it difficult for him to escape. With one bullet in his pistol and surrounded by police, he found himself helpless. He shot himself keeping his pledge of never being arrested alive.
13. Alfred Park in Allahabad, where Azad died, has been retitled with Chandrashekhar Azad Park. Many schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions throughout India are also named after him.
14. Azad was also a believer in socialism as the basis for future India, free of social and economic power and possibility.
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